Year 2020, Volume 4 , Issue 9, Pages 750 - 753 2020-09-01

The effects of age, parity and body mass index on 50 g oral glucose tolerance test results and its predictive value in gestational diabetes mellitus
Yaş, parite ve vücut kitle indeksinin 50 gr glukoz tarama testi üzerine etkileri ve gestasyonel diabetes mellitus ile ilişkisi

Alparslan DENİZ [1]


Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of age, parity, body mass index (BMI) and maternal risk factors on 50 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) positivity and to evaluate the predictive value of 50 g OGTT in the diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods: Medical data of pregnant women who were followed in a private obstetrics and gynecology clinic between June 2012 and April 2020 were analyzed in this retrospective cohort study. All patients underwent 50 g OGTT between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation. A 1-h postprandial venous plasma glucose cut-off of ≥140 mg/dL was considered positive for OGTT and the diagnosis was confirmed by 2-h 75 g OGTT. The relationship between the GDM and OGTT results, BMI, parity, age, and other maternal risk factors was analyzed in the regression analysis. Results: A total of 323 pregnant women were included in the study. The mean age was 29.35 (5.29) years and the mean BMI was 27.23 (6.07) kg/m2. Among them, 35.9% had ≥1 risk factors. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of 50 g OGTT for GDM were 100%, 80.7%, 27.5%, and 100%, respectively. Regression analysis revealed that family history of diabetes, history of GDM, and macrosomic birth increased the GDM risk by 5.73, 4.95, and 1.43 folds, respectively. Conclusion: Evaluation of advanced maternal age, pre-pregnancy BMI, and maternal risk factors is useful to predict GDM. In addition, 50 g OGTT is helpful in diagnosing GDM for both maternal and fetal health.
Amaç: Bu çalışmada yaş, parite, vücut kitle indeksi (VKİ)ile gebenin öyküsünde saptanan risk faktörlerinin 50 g glikoz tarama testi (OGTT) pozitifliği üzerine etkileri ve 50g OGTT’nin gestasyonel diabetes mellitus (GDM) tanısında etkinliği araştırıldı. Yöntemler: Haziran 2012-Nisan 2020 tarihleri arasında özel bir kadın doğum kliniğinde takip edilen gebelerin tıbbi verileri bu retrospektif kohort çalışmasında incelendi. Gebeliğin24 ila 28. haftaları arasında tüm gebelere 50 g OGTT uygulandı. 1 saatlik venöz kan şekeri düzeyi 140 mg/dL üzerinde ise test pozitif kabul edildi ve tanı için 75 g 2 saatlik glikoz tolerans testi yapıldı. Gebelerin OGTT sonuçları, VKİ, parite, yaş ve diğer risk faktörlerinin GDM ile ilişkisi regresyon analizi ile incelendi. Bulgular: Çalışmaya toplam 323 gebe dahil edildi. Ortalama yaş 29,35 (5,29) yıl ve ortalama vücut kitle indeksi 27,23 (6,07) kg/m2 idi. Grubun %35,9’unda en az bir risk faktörü mevcuttu. 50g OGTT’nin GDM tanısında duyarlılığı, özgüllüğü, pozitif prediktif değeri ve negatif prediktif değeri sırayla %100, %80,7, %27,5 ve %100 olarak bulundu. Regresyon analizinde ailede diyabet öyküsü GDM riskini 5,73 kat, GDM öyküsü 4,95 kat ve iri bebek öyküsü 1,43 kat artırdı. Sonuç: İleri gebelik yaşı, gebelik öncesi VKİ ve öyküdeki risk faktörlerinin değerlendirilmesi GDM’nin öngörülmesi açısından faydalıdır. Ayrıca 50 g OGTT, anne ve bebeğin sağlığı için GDM tanısında yararlıdır.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Obstetrics and Gynecology
Journal Section Research article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-1421-9962
Author: Alparslan DENİZ (Primary Author)
Institution: ALANYA ALAADDIN KEYKUBAT UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution yok
Project Number Clinical Research Ethics Committee of Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University, Faculty of Medicine (Date:05/06/2020- No:19-21).
Dates

Publication Date : September 1, 2020

Bibtex @research article { josam784237, journal = {Journal of Surgery and Medicine}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2079}, address = {jsurgmed@gmail.com}, publisher = {Fatih BAŞAK}, year = {2020}, volume = {4}, pages = {750 - 753}, doi = {10.28982/josam.784237}, title = {The effects of age, parity and body mass index on 50 g oral glucose tolerance test results and its predictive value in gestational diabetes mellitus}, key = {cite}, author = {Deni̇z, Alparslan} }
APA Deni̇z, A . (2020). The effects of age, parity and body mass index on 50 g oral glucose tolerance test results and its predictive value in gestational diabetes mellitus . Journal of Surgery and Medicine , 4 (9) , 750-753 . DOI: 10.28982/josam.784237
MLA Deni̇z, A . "The effects of age, parity and body mass index on 50 g oral glucose tolerance test results and its predictive value in gestational diabetes mellitus" . Journal of Surgery and Medicine 4 (2020 ): 750-753 <http://jsurgmed.com/en/pub/issue/56766/784237>
Chicago Deni̇z, A . "The effects of age, parity and body mass index on 50 g oral glucose tolerance test results and its predictive value in gestational diabetes mellitus". Journal of Surgery and Medicine 4 (2020 ): 750-753
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The effects of age, parity and body mass index on 50 g oral glucose tolerance test results and its predictive value in gestational diabetes mellitus AU - Alparslan Deni̇z Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.28982/josam.784237 DO - 10.28982/josam.784237 T2 - Journal of Surgery and Medicine JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 750 EP - 753 VL - 4 IS - 9 SN - -2602-2079 M3 - doi: 10.28982/josam.784237 UR - https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.784237 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Surgery and Medicine The effects of age, parity and body mass index on 50 g oral glucose tolerance test results and its predictive value in gestational diabetes mellitus %A Alparslan Deni̇z %T The effects of age, parity and body mass index on 50 g oral glucose tolerance test results and its predictive value in gestational diabetes mellitus %D 2020 %J Journal of Surgery and Medicine %P -2602-2079 %V 4 %N 9 %R doi: 10.28982/josam.784237 %U 10.28982/josam.784237
ISNAD Deni̇z, Alparslan . "The effects of age, parity and body mass index on 50 g oral glucose tolerance test results and its predictive value in gestational diabetes mellitus". Journal of Surgery and Medicine 4 / 9 (September 2020): 750-753 . https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.784237
AMA Deni̇z A . The effects of age, parity and body mass index on 50 g oral glucose tolerance test results and its predictive value in gestational diabetes mellitus. J Surg Med. 2020; 4(9): 750-753.
Vancouver Deni̇z A . The effects of age, parity and body mass index on 50 g oral glucose tolerance test results and its predictive value in gestational diabetes mellitus. Journal of Surgery and Medicine. 2020; 4(9): 750-753.