Year 2020, Volume 4 , Issue 5, Pages 351 - 354 2020-05-01

Küçük hücreli dışı akciğer kanseri nedeniyle pnömonektomi uygulanan 70 yaş üzerindeki hastaların incelemesi: 10 yıllık deneyim, kesitsel çalışma
A retrospective review of patients over 70 years of age undergoing pneumonectomy for non-small cell lung cancer: 10 years of experience, a cross-sectional study

Ozgur Omer YİLDİZ [1] , Kubilay İNAN [2] , İlknur AYTEKİN ÇELİK [3] , Eray ÇINAR [4]


Amaç: Uzayan yaşam süresi ve yaşlanan dünya nüfusu ilerleyen yıllarda daha fazla sayıda yaşlı küçük hücreli dışı akciğer kanserli (KHDAK) hastanın ortaya çıkacağını göstermektedir. Yaşlılık tanımlaması için kronolojik yaş kullanılmaktadır. 70 yaş fizyolojik değişikliklerin giderek artmaya başladığı dönem olması nedeniyle en çok kabul gören sınır olmuştur. Çalışmamızda; kliniğimizde KHDAK tanısı nedeniyle pnömonektomi uygulanmış 70 yaş üstü hastaların demografik, epidemiyolojik ve klinik özelliklerinin geriye dönük olarak incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır.
Yöntemler: Kesitsel tipteki bu çalışmada, Ocak 2010 ile Ocak 2020 arasında KHDAK tanısı alan ve pnömonektomi yapılan 70 yaş üstü 21 hastanın retrospektif olarak değerlendirilmesi yapıldı. Demografik veriler, semptomlar, tümör tipleri, tümörlerin lokalizasyonu, postoperatif komplikasyonlar ve kanser evreleri veri tabanına kaydedildi ve istatistiksel olarak analiz edildi.
Bulgular: Çalışmamızda yer alan 21 hastanın tamamı erkek ve ortalama yaş 72,5 idi. Hastaların %23, 8’i dispne, %28,6’ı öksürük, %19’u hemoptizi, %14,3’ü göğüs ağrısı, %4,8’i kilo kaybı şikayeti ile başvururken %9,5’i insidental olarak saptanmıştır. Tümör tipi %57,1 squamöz hücreli karsinom, %23,8 adenokarsinom, %14,3 adenosquamöz karsinom ve %4,8 large cell karsinom olarak tespit edilmiştir. Tümör %81 sol, %19 sağ akciğer yerleşimliydi. Postoperatif erken dönemde olguların 5’inde (%23,8) komplikasyon görülmüştür. Erken dönem komplikasyon görülen olguların 3’ünde atrial fibrilasyon, 2’sinde kanama olduğu görüldü. Hastaların postoperatif evreleri; %47,6’ı evre 3a, %19’u evre 2b, %14,3’ü evre 2a, %9,5’i evre 1b ve %9,5’i evre 1a2 idi. Çok boyutlu ölçekleme analizinde tümör tipi ile sigara kullanımının ilişkisi saptanmış ancak aile öyküsü ile tümör tipi arasında ilişki kurulamamıştır (sırasıyla P=0.024, P=0.586).
Sonuç: Cerrahi rezeksiyon olarak morbidite ve mortalitesi yüksek olan pnömonektominin bile yaşlı hastalarda iyi bir preoperatif değerlendirme, evreleme, eşlik eden hastalıkların etkileri ve mortalite tayini ile başarılı bir şekilde uygulanabileceği bilinmelidir.
Aim: Future projections suggest that more older people will be affected by non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) over the next years due to longer life expectancy and aging global population. Chronological age is used to define elderly. 70 years of age is the most commonly accepted lower limit of senescence since the majority of physiological changes occur after this age. The aim of the current study was to review demographic, epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients over the age of 70 diagnosed with NSCLC who underwent pneumonectomy at our clinic in a retrospective manner.
Methods: This cross-sectional study involved a retrospective assessment of 21 patients over 70 years of age who were diagnosed with NSCLC and underwent pneumonectomy between January 2010 and January 2020. Demographic data, symptoms, tumor types, localization of tumors, postoperative complications and stages of cancer were recorded in the database and statistically analyzed.
Results: All 21 patients were male and had a mean age of 72.5 years. The presenting symptom was dyspnea in 23.8% of the patients, cough in 28.6%, hemoptysis in 19%, chest pain in 14.3% and weight loss in 4.8% of the patients and 9.5% of the cases were detected incidentally. The tumor types included squamous cell carcinoma (57.1%), adenocarcinoma (23.8%), adenosquamous carcinoma (14.3%) and large cell carcinoma (4.8%). Tumor site was the left lung in 81% and right lung in 19% of the patients. Early postoperative complications occurred in 5 (23.8%) patients. Three of these patients developed atrial fibrillation and two patients suffered hemorrhage. Postoperative tumor stages of the patients were stage 3a (47.6%), stage 2b (19%), stage 2a (14.3%), stage 1b (9.5%) and stage 1a2 (9.5%). Multidimensional scaling analysis showed an association between the type of tumor and smoking but no association was found between tumor type and family history (P=0.024, P=0.586, respectively).
Conclusion: It should be kept in mind that surgical resection and even pneumonectomy which is associated with high mortality and morbidity can be successfully performed in older cancer patients through a good preoperative workup, tumor staging, assessment of the risk of mortality and the effects of comorbid conditions. 
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Primary Language en
Subjects Respiratory System
Journal Section Research article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-7314-3131
Author: Ozgur Omer YİLDİZ (Primary Author)
Institution: Yıldırım Beyazıt Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Göğüs Cerrahisi AD, Ankara Bilkent Şehir Hastanesi
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-1409-4760
Author: Kubilay İNAN
Institution: Ankara Şehir Hastanesi, Göğüs Cerrahisi Kliniği, Ankara
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0754-680X
Author: İlknur AYTEKİN ÇELİK
Institution: Yıldırım Beyazıt Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Göğüs Cerrahisi AD, Ankara Bilkent Şehir Hastanesi
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-4564-6097
Author: Eray ÇINAR
Institution: T.C Sağlık Bakanlığı, Acil Sağlık Genel Müdürlüğü, Ankara
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : May 1, 2020

Bibtex @research article { josam727381, journal = {Journal of Surgery and Medicine}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2079}, address = {jsurgmed@gmail.com}, publisher = {Fatih BAŞAK}, year = {2020}, volume = {4}, pages = {351 - 354}, doi = {10.28982/josam.727381}, title = {A retrospective review of patients over 70 years of age undergoing pneumonectomy for non-small cell lung cancer: 10 years of experience, a cross-sectional study}, key = {cite}, author = {Yi̇ldi̇z, Ozgur Omer and İnan, Kubilay and Ayteki̇n Çeli̇k, İlknur and Çınar, Eray} }
APA Yi̇ldi̇z, O , İnan, K , Ayteki̇n Çeli̇k, İ , Çınar, E . (2020). A retrospective review of patients over 70 years of age undergoing pneumonectomy for non-small cell lung cancer: 10 years of experience, a cross-sectional study . Journal of Surgery and Medicine , 4 (5) , 351-354 . DOI: 10.28982/josam.727381
MLA Yi̇ldi̇z, O , İnan, K , Ayteki̇n Çeli̇k, İ , Çınar, E . "A retrospective review of patients over 70 years of age undergoing pneumonectomy for non-small cell lung cancer: 10 years of experience, a cross-sectional study" . Journal of Surgery and Medicine 4 (2020 ): 351-354 <http://jsurgmed.com/en/pub/issue/54145/727381>
Chicago Yi̇ldi̇z, O , İnan, K , Ayteki̇n Çeli̇k, İ , Çınar, E . "A retrospective review of patients over 70 years of age undergoing pneumonectomy for non-small cell lung cancer: 10 years of experience, a cross-sectional study". Journal of Surgery and Medicine 4 (2020 ): 351-354
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A retrospective review of patients over 70 years of age undergoing pneumonectomy for non-small cell lung cancer: 10 years of experience, a cross-sectional study AU - Ozgur Omer Yi̇ldi̇z , Kubilay İnan , İlknur Ayteki̇n Çeli̇k , Eray Çınar Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.28982/josam.727381 DO - 10.28982/josam.727381 T2 - Journal of Surgery and Medicine JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 351 EP - 354 VL - 4 IS - 5 SN - -2602-2079 M3 - doi: 10.28982/josam.727381 UR - https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.727381 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Surgery and Medicine A retrospective review of patients over 70 years of age undergoing pneumonectomy for non-small cell lung cancer: 10 years of experience, a cross-sectional study %A Ozgur Omer Yi̇ldi̇z , Kubilay İnan , İlknur Ayteki̇n Çeli̇k , Eray Çınar %T A retrospective review of patients over 70 years of age undergoing pneumonectomy for non-small cell lung cancer: 10 years of experience, a cross-sectional study %D 2020 %J Journal of Surgery and Medicine %P -2602-2079 %V 4 %N 5 %R doi: 10.28982/josam.727381 %U 10.28982/josam.727381
ISNAD Yi̇ldi̇z, Ozgur Omer , İnan, Kubilay , Ayteki̇n Çeli̇k, İlknur , Çınar, Eray . "A retrospective review of patients over 70 years of age undergoing pneumonectomy for non-small cell lung cancer: 10 years of experience, a cross-sectional study". Journal of Surgery and Medicine 4 / 5 (May 2020): 351-354 . https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.727381
AMA Yi̇ldi̇z O , İnan K , Ayteki̇n Çeli̇k İ , Çınar E . A retrospective review of patients over 70 years of age undergoing pneumonectomy for non-small cell lung cancer: 10 years of experience, a cross-sectional study. J Surg Med. 2020; 4(5): 351-354.
Vancouver Yi̇ldi̇z O , İnan K , Ayteki̇n Çeli̇k İ , Çınar E . A retrospective review of patients over 70 years of age undergoing pneumonectomy for non-small cell lung cancer: 10 years of experience, a cross-sectional study. Journal of Surgery and Medicine. 2020; 4(5): 351-354.