Research Article
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Public awareness of first aid treatment in acute burns

Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 4, 424 - 427, 01.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.971375

Abstract

Background/Aim: Burn injury is a global public health concern. First aid in burns can reduce morbidity and mortality by stopping the burning process and reducing the size and ultimate depth of the burn injury. The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge about first aid for burns in an urban population in Malaysia. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study using questionnaires to assess the knowledge about first aid for acute burns in our single tertiary main national referral unit for burn injuries. A total of 100 respondents were interviewed. Respondents were voluntary outpatients in the surgical outpatient department. Results: Twenty-two percent of the respondents complied with World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations. Other methods used were toothpaste (5.6%), soy sauce (4.4%), traditional oils (3.3%), aloe vera gels (2.2%), and a variety of creams (3.3%). Twenty-five percent agreed that the best information in first aid is through a first aid course; 15% chose a phone application, 14% chose a website, and 12% chose a television advertisement. The recommended first aid treatment (running tap water for ≥ 20 minutes) has proven beneficial in reducing tissue temperature and severity of injury. Conclusion: In 2019, 91% of the Malaysia population had access to the internet, which offers fast and reliable information on first aid for acute burn injuries. The majority of our population still lacks knowledge about first aid treatment for acute burns. Implementation of education regarding burn first aid should target all populations in Malaysia through different community health campaigns, with collaboration between government and non-governmental agencies.

References

  • 1. Dr Etienne Krug. Burns. World Health Organization; 2018. http://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/burns. Accessed 23 September 2020.
  • 2. Somasundaram S, Nasir-Zahari M. A review of burns patients admitted to the Burns Unit of Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. Med J Malaysia. 2002;57:418–25.
  • 3. Sul NS, Ahmad SH, Wan Azman WS, Arman ZMS, Siti Fatimah NMJ. The Practice of First Aid for Burn Injuries Among the Population of East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia for 2012–2016. Journal of Burn Care and Research. 2020 Jul 3;41(4):905-907.
  • 4. Bartlett N, Yuan J, Holland AJ, Harvey JG, Martin HC, La Hei ER, et al. Optimal duration of cooling for an acute scald contact burn injury in a porcine model. J Burn Care Res, 2008; 29:828-34.
  • 5. Leila C, John P, James RM, Roy MK. A Review of First Aid Treatments for burn injuries. Burns: journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries. April 2009;35(6):768-75.
  • 6. Cuttle L, Kravchuk O, Wallis B, Kimble RM. An audit of first-aid treatment of pediatric burns patients and their clinical outcome. J Burn Care Res. 2009;30:1028–34.
  • 7. Harvey LA, Barr ML, Poulos RG, Finch CF, Sherker S, Harvey JG. A population-based survey of knowledge of first aid for burns in New South Wales. Med J Aust. 2011; 195:465–8.
  • 8. M Davies, S Maguire, C Okolie, W Watkins, A M Kemp. How much do parents know about first aid for burns? Burns. 2013 Sep;39(6):1083-90.
  • 9. Davies JW. Prompt cooling of burned areas: a review of benefits and the effector mechanisms. Burns Incl Therm Inj. 1982;9:1–6.
  • 10. Cuttle L, Kempf M, Kravchuk O, Philips GE, Mill J, Wang XQ, et al. The optimal temperature of first aid treatment for partial thickness burn injuries. Wound Repair Regen. 2008;16:626–34.
  • 11. Tobalem M, Harder Y, Tschanz E, Speidel V, Pittet-Cuenod B, Wettstein R. First-aid with warm water delays burn progression and increases skin survival. JPRAS. 2013;66:260–6
  • 12. Jandera V, Hudson DA, de Wet PM, Innes PM, Rode H . Cooling the burn wound: evaluation of different modalities. Burns. 2000; 26: 265–70
  • 13. Cuttle L, Kimber RM. First aid treatment of burn injuries. Wound Practice and Research, 2010;18:6-13
  • 14. Adam J, Janet G, Henry CT, Kerry AC. Peadiatric First Aid Knowledge Among Parents. Pediatric emergency care. 2005;20(12):808-11.
  • 15. Kattan Abdullah E, Alsomer F, Abdulaziz KA, Abdullah A, Albara A. Current knowledge of burn injury first aid practices and applied traditional remedies: a nationwide survey. Burns & trauma. 2 Nov 2016;4(37)
  • 16. Scheven D, Barker P, Govindasamy J. Burns in rural Kwa-Zulu Natal: epidemiology and the need for community health education. Burns. 2012;38(8):1224–30.
  • 17. Statista Research Department. Internet user penetration Malaysia 2015-2025. 28 July 2020. https://www.statista.com/statistics/975058/internetpenetration-rate-in-malaysia/. Assessed 20 Sept 2020.
  • 18. Lemeshow S, Hosmer DW, Klar J, Lwanga SK, Organization WH. Adequacy of sample size in health studies. 1990.

Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 4, 424 - 427, 01.04.2022
https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.971375

Abstract

References

  • 1. Dr Etienne Krug. Burns. World Health Organization; 2018. http://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/burns. Accessed 23 September 2020.
  • 2. Somasundaram S, Nasir-Zahari M. A review of burns patients admitted to the Burns Unit of Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. Med J Malaysia. 2002;57:418–25.
  • 3. Sul NS, Ahmad SH, Wan Azman WS, Arman ZMS, Siti Fatimah NMJ. The Practice of First Aid for Burn Injuries Among the Population of East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia for 2012–2016. Journal of Burn Care and Research. 2020 Jul 3;41(4):905-907.
  • 4. Bartlett N, Yuan J, Holland AJ, Harvey JG, Martin HC, La Hei ER, et al. Optimal duration of cooling for an acute scald contact burn injury in a porcine model. J Burn Care Res, 2008; 29:828-34.
  • 5. Leila C, John P, James RM, Roy MK. A Review of First Aid Treatments for burn injuries. Burns: journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries. April 2009;35(6):768-75.
  • 6. Cuttle L, Kravchuk O, Wallis B, Kimble RM. An audit of first-aid treatment of pediatric burns patients and their clinical outcome. J Burn Care Res. 2009;30:1028–34.
  • 7. Harvey LA, Barr ML, Poulos RG, Finch CF, Sherker S, Harvey JG. A population-based survey of knowledge of first aid for burns in New South Wales. Med J Aust. 2011; 195:465–8.
  • 8. M Davies, S Maguire, C Okolie, W Watkins, A M Kemp. How much do parents know about first aid for burns? Burns. 2013 Sep;39(6):1083-90.
  • 9. Davies JW. Prompt cooling of burned areas: a review of benefits and the effector mechanisms. Burns Incl Therm Inj. 1982;9:1–6.
  • 10. Cuttle L, Kempf M, Kravchuk O, Philips GE, Mill J, Wang XQ, et al. The optimal temperature of first aid treatment for partial thickness burn injuries. Wound Repair Regen. 2008;16:626–34.
  • 11. Tobalem M, Harder Y, Tschanz E, Speidel V, Pittet-Cuenod B, Wettstein R. First-aid with warm water delays burn progression and increases skin survival. JPRAS. 2013;66:260–6
  • 12. Jandera V, Hudson DA, de Wet PM, Innes PM, Rode H . Cooling the burn wound: evaluation of different modalities. Burns. 2000; 26: 265–70
  • 13. Cuttle L, Kimber RM. First aid treatment of burn injuries. Wound Practice and Research, 2010;18:6-13
  • 14. Adam J, Janet G, Henry CT, Kerry AC. Peadiatric First Aid Knowledge Among Parents. Pediatric emergency care. 2005;20(12):808-11.
  • 15. Kattan Abdullah E, Alsomer F, Abdulaziz KA, Abdullah A, Albara A. Current knowledge of burn injury first aid practices and applied traditional remedies: a nationwide survey. Burns & trauma. 2 Nov 2016;4(37)
  • 16. Scheven D, Barker P, Govindasamy J. Burns in rural Kwa-Zulu Natal: epidemiology and the need for community health education. Burns. 2012;38(8):1224–30.
  • 17. Statista Research Department. Internet user penetration Malaysia 2015-2025. 28 July 2020. https://www.statista.com/statistics/975058/internetpenetration-rate-in-malaysia/. Assessed 20 Sept 2020.
  • 18. Lemeshow S, Hosmer DW, Klar J, Lwanga SK, Organization WH. Adequacy of sample size in health studies. 1990.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Medicine
Journal Section Research article
Authors

Ho KİT LUM (Primary Author)
Hospital Sungai Buloh
0000-0003-4187-4401
Malaysia


U-nee LAM This is me
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Department, Hospital Sungai Buloh, Sungai Buloh Malaysia
0000-0001-6007-5045
Malaysia


Hidayah HN This is me
Malaysia


Trevor A FERNANDEZ This is me
0000-0001-7956-8763
Malaysia


Dhanya KULADEVA This is me
0000-0001-6791-0269
Malaysia


Nur Shazwani FARAH
0000-0003-2770-3278
Malaysia


Shah Jumaat MOHD YUSSOF This is me
0000-0003-2979-1494
Malaysia


Salina IBRAHİM This is me
0000-0001-6863-4825
Malaysia

Publication Date April 1, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 6, Issue 4

Cite

Bibtex @research article { josam971375, journal = {Journal of Surgery and Medicine}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2079}, address = {jsurgmed@gmail.com}, publisher = {Fatih BAŞAK}, year = {2022}, volume = {6}, pages = {424 - 427}, doi = {10.28982/josam.971375}, title = {Public awareness of first aid treatment in acute burns}, key = {cite}, author = {Kit Lum, Ho and Lam, U-nee and Hn, Hidayah and Fernandez, Trevor A and Kuladeva, Dhanya and Farah, Nur Shazwani and Mohd Yussof, Shah Jumaat and Ibrahim, Salina} }
APA Kit Lum, H. , Lam, U. , Hn, H. , Fernandez, T. A. , Kuladeva, D. , Farah, N. S. , Mohd Yussof, S. J. & Ibrahim, S. (2022). Public awareness of first aid treatment in acute burns . Journal of Surgery and Medicine , 6 (4) , 424-427 . DOI: 10.28982/josam.971375
MLA Kit Lum, H. , Lam, U. , Hn, H. , Fernandez, T. A. , Kuladeva, D. , Farah, N. S. , Mohd Yussof, S. J. , Ibrahim, S. "Public awareness of first aid treatment in acute burns" . Journal of Surgery and Medicine 6 (2022 ): 424-427 <https://jsurgmed.com/en/pub/issue/69115/971375>
Chicago Kit Lum, H. , Lam, U. , Hn, H. , Fernandez, T. A. , Kuladeva, D. , Farah, N. S. , Mohd Yussof, S. J. , Ibrahim, S. "Public awareness of first aid treatment in acute burns". Journal of Surgery and Medicine 6 (2022 ): 424-427
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Public awareness of first aid treatment in acute burns AU - Ho Kit Lum , U-nee Lam , Hidayah Hn , Trevor A Fernandez , Dhanya Kuladeva , Nur Shazwani Farah , Shah Jumaat Mohd Yussof , Salina Ibrahim Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.28982/josam.971375 DO - 10.28982/josam.971375 T2 - Journal of Surgery and Medicine JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 424 EP - 427 VL - 6 IS - 4 SN - -2602-2079 M3 - doi: 10.28982/josam.971375 UR - https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.971375 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Surgery and Medicine Public awareness of first aid treatment in acute burns %A Ho Kit Lum , U-nee Lam , Hidayah Hn , Trevor A Fernandez , Dhanya Kuladeva , Nur Shazwani Farah , Shah Jumaat Mohd Yussof , Salina Ibrahim %T Public awareness of first aid treatment in acute burns %D 2022 %J Journal of Surgery and Medicine %P -2602-2079 %V 6 %N 4 %R doi: 10.28982/josam.971375 %U 10.28982/josam.971375
ISNAD Kit Lum, Ho , Lam, U-nee , Hn, Hidayah , Fernandez, Trevor A , Kuladeva, Dhanya , Farah, Nur Shazwani , Mohd Yussof, Shah Jumaat , Ibrahim, Salina . "Public awareness of first aid treatment in acute burns". Journal of Surgery and Medicine 6 / 4 (April 2022): 424-427 . https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.971375
AMA Kit Lum H. , Lam U. , Hn H. , Fernandez T. A. , Kuladeva D. , Farah N. S. , Mohd Yussof S. J. , Ibrahim S. Public awareness of first aid treatment in acute burns. J Surg Med. 2022; 6(4): 424-427.
Vancouver Kit Lum H. , Lam U. , Hn H. , Fernandez T. A. , Kuladeva D. , Farah N. S. , Mohd Yussof S. J. , Ibrahim S. Public awareness of first aid treatment in acute burns. Journal of Surgery and Medicine. 2022; 6(4): 424-427.
IEEE H. Kit Lum , U. Lam , H. Hn , T. A. Fernandez , D. Kuladeva , N. S. Farah , S. J. Mohd Yussof and S. Ibrahim , "Public awareness of first aid treatment in acute burns", Journal of Surgery and Medicine, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 424-427, Apr. 2022, doi:10.28982/josam.971375

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