Parental anxiety during dental procedures in children under deep sedation: Anxiolysis with lavender oil and orange peel oil aromatherapies

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.950513

Keywords:

Parents, Anxiety, Aromatherapy, Lavandula, Citrus sinensis

Abstract

Background/Aim: Deep sedation, used for dental treatment of uncooperative pediatric patients, create added anxiety in parents. It is important to reduce the anxiety of the parents for them to understand the post-procedure instructions and overcome the problems that may arise during their implementation, which will affect the recovery process. This study investigates the anxiolytic effects of lavender oil and orange-peel oil aromatherapies on the parents of pediatric patients undergoing dental procedures with deep sedation. Methods: This randomized controlled study includes 90 parents who were randomly divided into three equal groups: Lavender oil (Group L), orange peel oil (Group O), and control groups (Group C). Group L inhaled the diffusion of 0.3 ml lavender oil in 120 ml water, Group O inhaled the diffusion of 0.3 ml of orange peel oil in 120 ml water, and Group C inhaled the diffusion of 120 ml of water. Parents completed the State-Trait Anxiety Index before the children were taken to the treatment room (STAI-1 and STAI-2) and after 1 hour of inhalation (STAI-1A). Results: All three groups involved parents with similar demographic data. Parents in Group L who had children over the age of 5 years had higher anxiety scores after 1 hour of waiting (P=0.044). Also, the STAI-1 scores of unemployed parents in Group C were higher (P=0.021). In Group O, STAI-1A scores were higher than STAI-2 scores (P=0.038). The changes in STAI-1 and STAI-1A scores were similar between the groups (P=0.074). Conclusion: Although no anxiolytic effect was observed, these methods were still considered promising. New research can be conducted with different settings and application regimes.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Hosey MT. Managing anxious children: the use of conscious sedation in paediatric dentistry. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2002;12(5):359-72. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-263X.2002.03792.x.

AlQhtani FA, Pani SC. Parental anxiety associated with children undergoing dental treatment. Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2019;20(4):285-9. doi: 10.23804/ejpd.2019.20.04.05.

Al-Jundi SH, Mahmood AJ. Factors affecting preoperative anxiety in children undergoing general anaesthesia for dental rehabilitation. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent. 2010;11(1):32-7. doi: 10.1007/BF03262707.

Sadeghi A, Khaleghnejad Tabari A, Mahdavi A, Salarian S, Razavi SS. Impact of parental presence during induction of anesthesia on anxiety level among pediatric patients and their parents: a randomized clinical trial. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2017;12:3237-41. doi: 10.2147/ndt.S119208.

Cavanagh HM, Wilkinson JM. Biological activities of lavender essential oil. Phytother Res. 2002;16(4):301-8. doi: 10.1002/ptr.1103.

Ali B, Al-Wabel NA, Shams S, Ahamad A, Khan SA, Anwar F. Essential oils used in aromatherapy: A systemic review. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2015;5(8):601-11. doi: 10.1016/j.apjtb.2015.057.

Bozkurt P, Vural Ç. Effect of Lavender Oil Inhalation on Reducing Presurgical Anxiety in Orthognathic Surgery Patients. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2019;77(12):2466.e1-.e7. doi: 10.1016/j.joms.2019.08.022.

Riba H, Al-Zahrani S, Al-Buqmi N, Al-Jundi A. A review of behavior evaluation scales in pediatric dentistry and suggested modification to the Frankl scale. EC Dental Science. 2017;16(6):269-75.

Öner NP. State and trait anxiety in Turkish patients and normals. Ser Clin C Psychology: Stress & Anxiety. 1983;2:107-19.

Wang S-M, Gaal D, Maranets I, Caldwell-Andrews A, Kain ZN. Acupressure and Preoperative Parental Anxiety: A Pilot Study. AnestH Analg. 2005;101(3):666-9. doi: 10.1213/01.Ane00175212.17642.45.

Charana A, Tripsianis G, Matziou V, Vaos G, Iatrou C, Chloropoulou P. Preoperative Anxiety in Greek Children and Their Parents When Presenting for Routine Surgery. Anesth Res Prac. 2018;2018:5135203. doi: 10.1155/2018/5135203.

Kampouroglou G, Velonaki V-S, Pavlopoulou I, Drakou E, Kosmopoulos M, Kouvas N, et al. Parental anxiety in pediatric surgery consultations: the role of health literacy and need for information. J Pediatr Surg. 2020;55(4):590-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2019.07.016.

Bevan JC, Johnston C, Haig MJ, Tousignant G, Lucy S, Kirnon V, et al. Preoperative parental anxiety predicts behavioural and emotional responses to induction of anaesthesia in children. Can J Anaesth. 1990;37(2):177-82. doi: 10.1007/bf03005466.

Thompson N, Irwin MG, Gunawardene WMS, Chan L. Pre-operative parental anxiety. Anaesthesia. 1996;51(11):1008-12. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2044.1996.tb14992.x.

Sørensen K, Van den Broucke S, Fullam J, Doyle G, Pelikan J, Slonska Z, et al. Health literacy and public health: A systematic review and integration of definitions and models. BMC Public Health. 2012;12(1):80. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-12-80.

Muzzarelli L, Force M, Sebold M. Aromatherapy and Reducing Preprocedural Anxiety: A Controlled Prospective Study. Gastroenterol Nurs. 2006;29(6):466-71.

Premkumar KS, Syed Aafaque J, Sumalatha S, Narendan N. Effect of Aromatherapy on Dental Anxiety Among Orthodontic Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Cureus. 2019;11(8):e5306. doi: 10.7759/cureus.5306.

Lehrner J, Marwinski G, Lehr S, Johren P, Deecke L. Ambient odors of orange and lavender reduce anxiety and improve mood in a dental office. Physiol Behav. 2005;86(1-2):92-5. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2005.06.031. PubMed PMID: 16095639.

Downloads

Published

2021-08-01

Issue

Section

Research Article

How to Cite

1.
Vural Çağıl, Ursavaş BB, Bozkurt P. Parental anxiety during dental procedures in children under deep sedation: Anxiolysis with lavender oil and orange peel oil aromatherapies. J Surg Med [Internet]. 2021 Aug. 1 [cited 2022 Jun. 25];5(8):755-9. Available from: https://jsurgmed.com/article/view/950513