Research Article
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Bu Koksiks Kırık Mı Yoksa Normalin Bir Varyantı Mı?

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 9, 880 - 883, 01.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.839793

Abstract

Amaç: Çalışmamız, günlük pratikte koksiks kırıkları ile kolayca karıştırılabilen koksiks türleri konusunda hekimleri uyarmayı amaçlamıştır. Yöntemler: 75 hastanın bilgisayarlı tomografi görüntülerinden orta sagital ve orta koronal görüntüler değerlendirildi. Bu görüntüler, koksiks kırığı tiplerini, koksiks tiplerini, segment sayısını, eklem füzyonunu, koksigeal kemik spiküllerini, subluksasyonu, sakrokoksigeal açı, interkoksigeal açı ve kokeksin lateral sapmasını belirlemek için analiz edildi. Bulgular: Hastaların ortalama yaşı 43,59 ± 13,68 idi. Hastaların 33'ü (% 44) erkek ve 42'si (% 56) kadındı. Hastaların 57'sinde (% 76) kırıkla karıştırılan herhangi bir koksiks tipi varken, sadece 18 hastada (% 24) koksigeal kırık vardı. Koksiks kırığı ile karıştırılan koksiks tipleri ile gerçek koksiks kırıkları arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı fark tespit edilmiştir (p <0,001). Sonuç: Koksiks varyantlarını bilmek ve bir koksiks kırığından ayırt edebilmek çok önemlidir. Koksiks kırıkları ile koksiks tipleri arasındaki fark bilinirse ve hastalar buna göre bilgilendirilirse, hem iş gücü kaybı azalır hem de gerekli tedaviye erkenden başlanabilir.

References

  • 1. Woon JT, Stringer MD. Clinical anatomy of the coccyx: a systematic review. Clin Anat. 2012;25(2):158-67.
  • 2. Lirette LS, Chaiban G, Tolba R, Eissa H. Coccydynia: an overview of the anatomy, etiology, and treatment of coccyx pain. Ochsner J. 2014;14(1):84-7.
  • 3. Protzer L, Seligson D, Doursounian L. The coccyx in clinical medicine. Curr Orthop Pract. 2017;28(3):314-7.
  • 4. Nathan S, Fisher B, Roberts C. Coccydynia: a review of pathoanatomy, aetiology, treatment and outcome. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2010;92(12):1622-7.
  • 5. Maigne J-Y, Doursounian L, Jacquot F. Classification of fractures of the coccyx from a series of 104 patients. Eur Spine J. 2019:1-9.
  • 6. Grassi R, Lombardi G, Reginelli A, Capasso F, Romano F, Floriani I, et al. Coccygeal movement: assessment with dynamic MRI. Eur J Radiol. 2007;61(3):473-9.
  • 7. Mitra R, Cheung L, Perry P. Efficacy of fluoroscopically guided steroid injections in the management of coccydynia. Pain Physician. 2007;10(6):775.
  • 8. Gunduz OH, Sencan S, Kenis-Coskun O. Pain relief due to transsacrococcygeal ganglion impar block in chronic coccygodynia: a pilot study. Pain Med. 2015;16(7):1278-81.
  • 9. Trollegaard A, Aarby N, Hellberg S. Coccygectomy: an effective treatment option for chronic coccydynia: retrospective results in 41 consecutive patients. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2010;92(2):242-5.
  • 10. Woon JT, Perumal V, Maigne J-Y, Stringer MD. CT morphology and morphometry of the normal adult coccyx. Eur Spine J 2013;22(4):863-70.
  • 11. Marwan YA, Al-Saeed OM, Esmaeel AA, Kombar ORA, Bendary AM, Azeem MEA. Computed tomography–based morphologic and morphometric features of the coccyx among Arab adults. Spine. 2014;39(20):E1210-E9.
  • 12. Przybylski P, Pankowicz M, Boćkowska A, Czekajska-Chehab E, Staśkiewicz G, Korzec M, et al. Evaluation of coccygeal bone variability, intercoccygeal and lumbo-sacral angles in asymptomatic patients in multislice computed tomography. Anat Sci Int. 2013;88(4):204-11.
  • 13. Postacchini F, Massobrio M. Idiopathic coccygodynia. Analysis of fifty-one operative cases and a radiographic study of the normal coccyx. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1983;65(8):1116-24.
  • 14. Dennell LV, Nathan S. Coccygeal retroversion. Spine. 2004;29(12):E256-E7.
  • 15. Kerimoglu U, Dagoglu MG, Ergen FB. Intercoccygeal angle and type of coccyx in asymptomatic patients. Surg Radiol Anat. 2007;29(8):683-7.
  • 16. Shalaby SA, Eid EM, Allam O, Ali AM, Gebba MA. Morphometric study of the normal Egyptian coccyx from (age 1-40 year). Int J Clin Dev Anat. 2015;1(1):32-41.

Is this coccyx fractured, or is it a normal variant? A cohort study

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 9, 880 - 883, 01.09.2021
https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.839793

Abstract

Background/Aim: The coccyx has several variants which could sometimes be confused with fractures. Our study aimed to alert physicians about the types of coccyges that can be easily confused with coccyx fractures in daily practice. Methods: Mid-sagittal and mid-coronal computerized images of 75 patients were analyzed to determine the types of coccygeal fracture, the coccyx types, number of segments, joint fusion, coccygeal bony spicules, subluxation, sacrococcygeal angle (SCA), intercoccygeal angle (ICA), and lateral deviation of the coccyx. Results: The mean age of the patients was 43.5 (13.6) years. There were 33 (44%) males and 42 (56%) females. While 57 (76%) patients were thought to have a coccygeal fracture, only 18 patients (24%) actually had them. There was a significant difference between the coccyx types mistaken for fractures and actual coccygeal fractures (P<0.001). Conclusion: It is essential to know the coccyx types and distinguish normal variants from fractures. If the difference between coccyx fractures and coccyx types is known and the patients are informed accordingly, both the loss of workforce decreases, and the necessary treatment can be started early.

References

  • 1. Woon JT, Stringer MD. Clinical anatomy of the coccyx: a systematic review. Clin Anat. 2012;25(2):158-67.
  • 2. Lirette LS, Chaiban G, Tolba R, Eissa H. Coccydynia: an overview of the anatomy, etiology, and treatment of coccyx pain. Ochsner J. 2014;14(1):84-7.
  • 3. Protzer L, Seligson D, Doursounian L. The coccyx in clinical medicine. Curr Orthop Pract. 2017;28(3):314-7.
  • 4. Nathan S, Fisher B, Roberts C. Coccydynia: a review of pathoanatomy, aetiology, treatment and outcome. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2010;92(12):1622-7.
  • 5. Maigne J-Y, Doursounian L, Jacquot F. Classification of fractures of the coccyx from a series of 104 patients. Eur Spine J. 2019:1-9.
  • 6. Grassi R, Lombardi G, Reginelli A, Capasso F, Romano F, Floriani I, et al. Coccygeal movement: assessment with dynamic MRI. Eur J Radiol. 2007;61(3):473-9.
  • 7. Mitra R, Cheung L, Perry P. Efficacy of fluoroscopically guided steroid injections in the management of coccydynia. Pain Physician. 2007;10(6):775.
  • 8. Gunduz OH, Sencan S, Kenis-Coskun O. Pain relief due to transsacrococcygeal ganglion impar block in chronic coccygodynia: a pilot study. Pain Med. 2015;16(7):1278-81.
  • 9. Trollegaard A, Aarby N, Hellberg S. Coccygectomy: an effective treatment option for chronic coccydynia: retrospective results in 41 consecutive patients. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2010;92(2):242-5.
  • 10. Woon JT, Perumal V, Maigne J-Y, Stringer MD. CT morphology and morphometry of the normal adult coccyx. Eur Spine J 2013;22(4):863-70.
  • 11. Marwan YA, Al-Saeed OM, Esmaeel AA, Kombar ORA, Bendary AM, Azeem MEA. Computed tomography–based morphologic and morphometric features of the coccyx among Arab adults. Spine. 2014;39(20):E1210-E9.
  • 12. Przybylski P, Pankowicz M, Boćkowska A, Czekajska-Chehab E, Staśkiewicz G, Korzec M, et al. Evaluation of coccygeal bone variability, intercoccygeal and lumbo-sacral angles in asymptomatic patients in multislice computed tomography. Anat Sci Int. 2013;88(4):204-11.
  • 13. Postacchini F, Massobrio M. Idiopathic coccygodynia. Analysis of fifty-one operative cases and a radiographic study of the normal coccyx. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1983;65(8):1116-24.
  • 14. Dennell LV, Nathan S. Coccygeal retroversion. Spine. 2004;29(12):E256-E7.
  • 15. Kerimoglu U, Dagoglu MG, Ergen FB. Intercoccygeal angle and type of coccyx in asymptomatic patients. Surg Radiol Anat. 2007;29(8):683-7.
  • 16. Shalaby SA, Eid EM, Allam O, Ali AM, Gebba MA. Morphometric study of the normal Egyptian coccyx from (age 1-40 year). Int J Clin Dev Anat. 2015;1(1):32-41.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Orthopedics
Journal Section Research article
Authors

Serdar TOY (Primary Author)
AĞRI DEVLET HASTANESİ
0000-0001-8074-4672
Türkiye


Alperen ZEYNEL
ERZURUM BÖLGE EĞİTİM VE ARAŞTIRMA HASTANESİ
0000-0002-2862-3117
Türkiye


Kemal ZENCİRLİ
BATMAN KOZLUK DEVLET HASTANESİ
0000-0003-2702-0266
Türkiye

Publication Date September 1, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 9

Cite

Bibtex @research article { josam839793, journal = {Journal of Surgery and Medicine}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2079}, address = {jsurgmed@gmail.com}, publisher = {Fatih BAŞAK}, year = {2021}, volume = {5}, pages = {880 - 883}, doi = {10.28982/josam.839793}, title = {Is this coccyx fractured, or is it a normal variant? A cohort study}, key = {cite}, author = {Toy, Serdar and Zeynel, Alperen and Zencirli, Kemal} }
APA Toy, S. , Zeynel, A. & Zencirli, K. (2021). Is this coccyx fractured, or is it a normal variant? A cohort study . Journal of Surgery and Medicine , 5 (9) , 880-883 . DOI: 10.28982/josam.839793
MLA Toy, S. , Zeynel, A. , Zencirli, K. "Is this coccyx fractured, or is it a normal variant? A cohort study" . Journal of Surgery and Medicine 5 (2021 ): 880-883 <http://jsurgmed.com/en/pub/issue/64812/839793>
Chicago Toy, S. , Zeynel, A. , Zencirli, K. "Is this coccyx fractured, or is it a normal variant? A cohort study". Journal of Surgery and Medicine 5 (2021 ): 880-883
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Is this coccyx fractured, or is it a normal variant? A cohort study AU - Serdar Toy , Alperen Zeynel , Kemal Zencirli Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.28982/josam.839793 DO - 10.28982/josam.839793 T2 - Journal of Surgery and Medicine JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 880 EP - 883 VL - 5 IS - 9 SN - -2602-2079 M3 - doi: 10.28982/josam.839793 UR - https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.839793 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Surgery and Medicine Is this coccyx fractured, or is it a normal variant? A cohort study %A Serdar Toy , Alperen Zeynel , Kemal Zencirli %T Is this coccyx fractured, or is it a normal variant? A cohort study %D 2021 %J Journal of Surgery and Medicine %P -2602-2079 %V 5 %N 9 %R doi: 10.28982/josam.839793 %U 10.28982/josam.839793
ISNAD Toy, Serdar , Zeynel, Alperen , Zencirli, Kemal . "Is this coccyx fractured, or is it a normal variant? A cohort study". Journal of Surgery and Medicine 5 / 9 (September 2021): 880-883 . https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.839793
AMA Toy S. , Zeynel A. , Zencirli K. Is this coccyx fractured, or is it a normal variant? A cohort study. J Surg Med. 2021; 5(9): 880-883.
Vancouver Toy S. , Zeynel A. , Zencirli K. Is this coccyx fractured, or is it a normal variant? A cohort study. Journal of Surgery and Medicine. 2021; 5(9): 880-883.
IEEE S. Toy , A. Zeynel and K. Zencirli , "Is this coccyx fractured, or is it a normal variant? A cohort study", Journal of Surgery and Medicine, vol. 5, no. 9, pp. 880-883, Sep. 2021, doi:10.28982/josam.839793

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