Year 2020, Volume 4 , Issue 9, Pages 803 - 807 2020-09-01

Sarkomatoid RHK tanılı hastaların uzun dönemli takip sonuçları: Tek merkez deneyiminin retrospektif değerlendirmesi
Long-term follow-up results of patients with sarcomatoid RCC: A retrospective evaluation of a single center experience

Emrah ERASLAN [1] , Ülkü YALÇINTAŞ ARSLAN [2]


Amaç: Sarkomatoid renal hücreli kanser (sRHK) oldukça nadir bir durum olup, hastalık yönetimi ile ilgili literatür verisi kısıtlıdır. Yüksek kalitede veriye dayanan tedavi önerileri yoktur. Bu çalışmadaki amacımız, sRHK tanılı hastalarımızdaki uzun süreli tecrübemizi ortaya koymaktır. Yöntemler: sRHK tanısıyla Ocak 2010-Aralık 2019 arasında takip edilen hastalar, genel hastalık özellikleri, verilen tedaviler, tedavi yanıtları ve sağ kalım süreleri açısından retrospektif olarak değerlendirildi. Bulgular: Üç yüz on bir RCC hastasının 25'inde (%8,0) sarkomatoid farklılaşma gözlendi. Çalışmaya dahil edilen 25 hastanın ortanca yaşları 58,1 (26,3-78,0)’di ve büyük çoğunluğu erkekti (n=18, 72%). Tanı anında 11 (%44,0) hastada uzak organ metastazı vardı. Küratif cerrahi yapılan 14 hastanın 10’unda (%71,4) uzak organ metastazı ile nüks izlendi. Metastatik 21 hastanın 13 (%61,9)’ü ikinci basamak tedavide tirozin kinaz inhibitörü (pazopanib veya sunitinib) aldı. Bu 13 hastanın ikinci basamak tedavisi için progresyonsuz sağ kalım süresi 6,1 aydı (%95 CI: 3,8-8,4). Nivolumab tedavisi alan 2 hastadan birinde uzun süreli hastalık kontrolü sağlandı. Tanı anında metastatik evrede olan 11 hastanın 7 (%63,6)’sinde sitoredüktif cerrahi uygulandı. Pulmoner metastazektomi yapılan 2 hastadan biri metastazektomi sonrası 112.ayda hala nükssüz izlenmekteydi. Metastatik evredeki toplam 21 hasta için genel sağ kalım süresi 10,8 aydı (%85 CI: 8,9-12,6). Sonuç: Sarkomatoid RCC oldukça nadir görülen ve kötü prognoza sahip bir hastalıktır. Hastaların çoğunda uzak organ metastazı gözlenmekle birlikte sistemik tedavi etkinliği düşüktür. Güncel tedavi yöntemleri içinde tirozin kinaz inhibitörleri ön plandadır. Yeni nesil tedavi seçeneklerinden olan immun kontol noktası inhibitörleri tedavi başarısı açısından ümit vaat etmektedir. Sitoredüktif nefrektomi ve metastazektominin tedaviye eklenmesi ek faydalar sağlayabilir.
Aim: Sarcomatoid renal cell cancer (sRCC) is an extremely rare condition, and literature on disease management is limited. There are no treatment recommendations based on high-quality data. Our aim in this study is to reveal our long-term experience with patients diagnosed with sRCC. Methods: Patients who were followed up with a diagnosis of sRCC between January 2010 and December 2019 were retrospectively evaluated in terms of main disease characteristics, treatments, treatment responses and survival times. Results: Twenty-five (8.0%) of 311 RCC patients had sarcomatoid differentiation. The median age of the 25 patients included in the study was 58.1 (26.3-78.0) years, and the vast majority were male (n=18, 72%). Distant organ metastasis was present in 11 (44.0%) patients at the time of diagnosis. In 10 (71.4%) out of 14 patients who underwent curative surgery, recurrence was observed with distant organ metastasis. Thirteen (61.9%) of 21 metastatic patients received tyrosine kinase inhibitor (pazopanib or sunitinib) in second-line treatment. The progression-free survival for the second line treatment of these 13 patients was 6.1 months (95% CI: 3.8-8.4). Long-term disease control was achieved in one of the two patients who received nivolumab treatment. Cytoreductive nephrectomy was performed in seven (63.6%) of the 11 patients who were in metastatic stage at the time of diagnosis. Pulmonary metastasectomy was performed in two patients with lung metastasis. One of these two patients was still followed up without recurrence at the 112th month after metastasectomy. Overall survival was 10.8 months (85% CI: 8.9-12.6) for 21 patients in the metastatic stage. Conclusion: sRCC is a rare disease with a poor prognosis. Systemic treatment efficacy is low with frequent distant metastases. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors are prominent among current treatment methods. Immune checkpoint inhibitors, one of the new generation treatment options, is promising in terms of treatment success. The addition of cytoreductive nephrectomy and metastasectomy to the treatment process may provide additional benefits.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Oncology
Journal Section Research article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-2497-5913
Author: Emrah ERASLAN (Primary Author)
Institution: SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ANKARA DR. ABDURRAHMAN YURTASLAN ONKOLOJİ SAĞLIK UYGULAMA VE ARAŞTIRMA MERKEZİ, DAHİLİ TIP BİLİMLERİ BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-5279-0903
Author: Ülkü YALÇINTAŞ ARSLAN
Institution: SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ANKARA DR. ABDURRAHMAN YURTASLAN ONKOLOJİ SAĞLIK UYGULAMA VE ARAŞTIRMA MERKEZİ, DAHİLİ TIP BİLİMLERİ BÖLÜMÜ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : September 1, 2020

Bibtex @research article { josam789516, journal = {Journal of Surgery and Medicine}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2079}, address = {jsurgmed@gmail.com}, publisher = {Fatih BAŞAK}, year = {2020}, volume = {4}, pages = {803 - 807}, doi = {10.28982/josam.789516}, title = {Long-term follow-up results of patients with sarcomatoid RCC: A retrospective evaluation of a single center experience}, key = {cite}, author = {Eraslan, Emrah and Yalçıntaş, Ülkü} }
APA Eraslan, E , Yalçıntaş, Ü . (2020). Long-term follow-up results of patients with sarcomatoid RCC: A retrospective evaluation of a single center experience . Journal of Surgery and Medicine , 4 (9) , 803-807 . DOI: 10.28982/josam.789516
MLA Eraslan, E , Yalçıntaş, Ü . "Long-term follow-up results of patients with sarcomatoid RCC: A retrospective evaluation of a single center experience" . Journal of Surgery and Medicine 4 (2020 ): 803-807 <http://jsurgmed.com/en/pub/issue/56766/789516>
Chicago Eraslan, E , Yalçıntaş, Ü . "Long-term follow-up results of patients with sarcomatoid RCC: A retrospective evaluation of a single center experience". Journal of Surgery and Medicine 4 (2020 ): 803-807
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Long-term follow-up results of patients with sarcomatoid RCC: A retrospective evaluation of a single center experience AU - Emrah Eraslan , Ülkü Yalçıntaş Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.28982/josam.789516 DO - 10.28982/josam.789516 T2 - Journal of Surgery and Medicine JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 803 EP - 807 VL - 4 IS - 9 SN - -2602-2079 M3 - doi: 10.28982/josam.789516 UR - https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.789516 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Surgery and Medicine Long-term follow-up results of patients with sarcomatoid RCC: A retrospective evaluation of a single center experience %A Emrah Eraslan , Ülkü Yalçıntaş %T Long-term follow-up results of patients with sarcomatoid RCC: A retrospective evaluation of a single center experience %D 2020 %J Journal of Surgery and Medicine %P -2602-2079 %V 4 %N 9 %R doi: 10.28982/josam.789516 %U 10.28982/josam.789516
ISNAD Eraslan, Emrah , Yalçıntaş, Ülkü . "Long-term follow-up results of patients with sarcomatoid RCC: A retrospective evaluation of a single center experience". Journal of Surgery and Medicine 4 / 9 (September 2020): 803-807 . https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.789516
AMA Eraslan E , Yalçıntaş Ü . Long-term follow-up results of patients with sarcomatoid RCC: A retrospective evaluation of a single center experience. J Surg Med. 2020; 4(9): 803-807.
Vancouver Eraslan E , Yalçıntaş Ü . Long-term follow-up results of patients with sarcomatoid RCC: A retrospective evaluation of a single center experience. Journal of Surgery and Medicine. 2020; 4(9): 803-807.