Year 2020, Volume 4 , Issue 1, Pages 9 - 11 2020-01-02

Irak, Duhok’ta hidatidiform mol: Sıklığı, tipleri ve histopatolojik tanısal özellikler
Hydatidiform mole in Duhok, Iraq: Frequency, types and histopathological diagnostic features

Rana Mumtaz MATLOB [1] , Mayada ILİAS YALDA [2] , Zihel Hassan HUSSEİN [3] , Tamara Qais FARAJ [4]


Amaç: Molar gebeliğin türüne göre dağılımında dünya çapında bir farklılık vardır. Düşükle ilgili doğru veri elde etmedeki zorluklar, kesin insidansı belirsiz kılar. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Duhok eyaletindeki düşükler ve doğumlar arasındaki Hidatidiform mol sıklığını tahmin etmek, ana tiplerini, kısmi, tam veya belirsiz olarak sınıflamak ve histopatolojik tanı özellikleri ile ilişkilendirmekti.

Yöntemler: Bu kesitsel çalışma, 1 Haziran 2016 ile 1 Eylül 2019 tarihleri arasında Duhok ve Zakho'daki ana histopatolojik merkezlerden Hydatidiform mol vakalarında yapıldı. Tüm doğumlar ve düşükler aynı bölgelerde ve aynı dönemde değerlendirildi. Örnekler histolojik olarak incelendi ve kısmi, tam ve belirsiz molar tipler olarak üç gruba ayrıldı, daha sonra ana histopatolojik özelliklerle korelasyonları incelendi. Belirsiz vakaları tanımlamak için, P57 markörünün kullanımı gibi ek tetkikler uygulandı.

Bulgular: Hidatidiform mol sıklığı % 1'den azdı. Tam tip, nispeten yüksek oranda belirsiz molar gebeliklere (% 26) sahip olguların % 43'ünü temsil etmekteydi. Kadınların çoğunlukla 20-30 yaş grubundaydı. En sık görülen histolojik özellik çevresel trofoblastik proliferasyon idi.

Sonuç: Duhok'taki Hydatidiform mol sıklığı, belirsiz türlerin nispeten yüksek bir yüzdede görülmesiyle, dünya aralığındadır. Histopatolojik özelliklere bağlı olarak doğru tanı koymak için daha fazla çaba gösterilmeli ve P57 gibi ek belirteçler kullanılmalıdır.

Aim: There is a worldwide variation in the distribution of molar pregnancy with respect to its type. Difficulties in obtaining accurate data about miscarriage make the precise incidence uncertain. The aim of this study was to estimate the frequency of Hydatidiform mole among the miscarriages and deliveries in Duhok province, estimate their main types, partial or complete, and correlate them with histopathological diagnostic features. 

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between June 1, 2016 and September 1, 2019 and included Hydatidiform mole cases from the main histopathological centers in Duhok and Zakho. All childbirths and miscarriages were evaluated within the same areas and during the same period. Samples were examined histologically and divided into three groups as partial, complete, and indeterminate molar types, after which their correlation with the main histopathological features were examined. Additional efforts were made to identify the indeterminate cases, like the use of P57 marker. 

Results: The frequency of Hydatidiform mole was less than 1%. Complete type represented 43% of the cases with a relatively high percentage of indeterminate molar pregnancies (26%). The highest percentage of women belonged to the 20-30 years-old group. The most common histological feature was circumferential trophoblastic proliferation.

Conclusion: The frequency of Hydatidiform mole in Duhok was within the world range, with a relatively high percentage of indeterminate types. More efforts should be made to establish an accurate diagnosis depending on histopathological features and additional markers like P57 should be used.

  • 1. Igwegbe AO, Eleje GU. Hydatidiform mole: a review of management outcomes in a tertiary hospital in south-east Nigeria. Ann Med Health Sci Res. 2013;3(2):210-4.
  • 2. Seckl MJ, Sebire NJ, Berkowitz RS. Gestational trophoblastic disease. Lancet. 2010;376:717-29.
  • 3. Boufettal H, Coullin P, Mahdaoui S, Noun M, Hermas S, Samouh N. Complete hydatiforme mole in Morocco: epidemiological and clinical study. J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris). 2011;40:419-29.
  • 4. Steigrad SJ. Epidemiology of gestational trophoblastic diseases. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2003;17:837-47.
  • 5. Savage P, Lumsden A, Dickson S, Iyer R, Everard J, Coleman R, et al. The relationship of maternal age to molar pregnancy incidence, risks for chemotherapy and subsequent pregnancy outcome. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2013;33:406-11.
  • 6. Hui P, Buza N, Murphy K, Ronnett B. Hydatidiform Moles: Genetic Basis and Precision Diagnosis. Annu Rev Pathol. 2017;12:449-85.
  • 7. Kani K, Lee J, Dighe M, Moshiri M, Kolokythas O, Dubinsky T. Gestatational trophoblastic disease: multimodality imaging assessment with special emphasis on spectrum of abnormalities and value of imaging in staging and management of disease. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 2012;41:1-10.
  • 8. Deng L, Yan X, Zhang J, Wu T. Combination chemotherapy for high-risk gestational trophoblastic tumour. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2009;2:51-96.
  • 9. Joneborg U, Folkvaljon Y, Papadogiannakis N, Lambe M, Marions L. Temporal trends in incidence and outcome of hydatidiform mole: a retrospective cohort study. Acta Oncol. 2018;57(8):1094-9.
  • 10. Brown J, Naumann R, Seckl M, Schink J. 15 years of progress in gestational trophoblastic disease: scoring, standardization, and salvage. Gynecol Oncol. 2017;144(1):200–7.
  • 11. Eysbouts Y, Bulten J, Ottevanger P. Trends in incidence for gestacol Oncol. 2016;140(1):70–5.
  • 12. Matsui H, Kihara M, Yamazawa K, Mitsuhashi A, Seki K, Sekiya S. Recent changes of the incidence of complete and partial mole in Chiba prefecture. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 2007;63(1):7-10.
  • 13. Altieri A, Franceschi S, Ferlay J, Smith J, Vecchia L. Epidemiology and aetiology of gestational trophoblastic diseases. The Lancet. Oncology. 2003;4(11):670–8.
  • 14. Soares P, Maestá I, Costa O, Charry R, Dias A, Rudge M. Geographical distribution and demographic characteristics of gestational trophoblastic disease. JRM. 2010;55(7–8):305–10.
  • 15. Salerno A. The incidence of gestational trophoblastic disease in Italy: a multicenter survey. J Reprod Med. 2012; 57:204–6.
  • 16. Sebire N, Foskett M, Fisher R, Rees H, Seckl M, Newlands E. Risk of partial and complete hydatidiform molar pregnancy in relation to maternal age. An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. 2002;109(1):99-102.
  • 17. Landolsi H, Missaoui N, Brahem S, Hmissa S, Gribaa M. Pathology research and practice the usefulness of p57 KIP2 immunohistochemical staining and genotyping test in the diagnosis of the hydatidiform mole. Pathol Res Pract. 2011;207:498–504.
  • 18. Popiolek D, Yee H, Mittal K, Chiriboga L, Prinz M, Caragine T, et al. Multiplex short tandem repeat DNA analysis confirms the accuracy of p57 KIP2 immunostaining in the diagnosis of complete hydatidiform mole. Hum Pathol. 2006;37:1426–34.
  • 19. Fukunaga M, Katabuchi H, Nagasaka T, Mikami Y, Minamiguchi S, Lage J. Interobserver and intraobserver variability in the diagnosis of hydatidiform mole. Am J Surg Pathol. 2005;29(7):942-47.
  • 20. Banet N, DeScipio C, Murphy K, Beierl K, Adams E, Vang R, Ronnett B. Characteristics of hydatidiform moles: analysis of a prospective series with p57 immunohistochemistry and molecular genotyping. Mod Pathol. 2014;27(2):238-54.
Primary Language en
Subjects Obstetrics and Gynecology
Journal Section Research article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-0933-8724
Author: Rana Mumtaz MATLOB
Institution: Department of Medicine, University of Duhok, Duhok, Iraq
Country: Iraq


Orcid: 0000-0003-2778-9147
Author: Mayada ILİAS YALDA
Institution: Department of Medicine, University of Duhok, Duhok, Iraq
Country: Iraq


Orcid: 0000-0001-8791-4160
Author: Zihel Hassan HUSSEİN
Institution: Department of Medicine, University of Duhok, Duhok, Iraq
Country: Iraq


Orcid: 0000-0002-2831-0778
Author: Tamara Qais FARAJ
Institution: Department of Pharmacy, University of Duhok, Duhok, Iraq
Country: Iraq


Dates

Publication Date : January 2, 2020

Bibtex @research article { josam663841, journal = {Journal of Surgery and Medicine}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2079}, address = {jsurgmed@gmail.com}, publisher = {Fatih BAŞAK}, year = {2020}, volume = {4}, pages = {9 - 11}, doi = {10.28982/josam.663841}, title = {Hydatidiform mole in Duhok, Iraq: Frequency, types and histopathological diagnostic features}, key = {cite}, author = {Matlob, Rana Mumtaz and Ili̇as Yalda, Mayada and Hussei̇n, Zihel Hassan and Faraj, Tamara Qais} }
APA Matlob, R , Ili̇as Yalda, M , Hussei̇n, Z , Faraj, T . (2020). Hydatidiform mole in Duhok, Iraq: Frequency, types and histopathological diagnostic features . Journal of Surgery and Medicine , 4 (1) , 9-11 . DOI: 10.28982/josam.663841
MLA Matlob, R , Ili̇as Yalda, M , Hussei̇n, Z , Faraj, T . "Hydatidiform mole in Duhok, Iraq: Frequency, types and histopathological diagnostic features" . Journal of Surgery and Medicine 4 (2020 ): 9-11 <http://jsurgmed.com/en/pub/issue/51597/663841>
Chicago Matlob, R , Ili̇as Yalda, M , Hussei̇n, Z , Faraj, T . "Hydatidiform mole in Duhok, Iraq: Frequency, types and histopathological diagnostic features". Journal of Surgery and Medicine 4 (2020 ): 9-11
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Hydatidiform mole in Duhok, Iraq: Frequency, types and histopathological diagnostic features AU - Rana Mumtaz Matlob , Mayada Ili̇as Yalda , Zihel Hassan Hussei̇n , Tamara Qais Faraj Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.28982/josam.663841 DO - 10.28982/josam.663841 T2 - Journal of Surgery and Medicine JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 9 EP - 11 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - -2602-2079 M3 - doi: 10.28982/josam.663841 UR - https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.663841 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Surgery and Medicine Hydatidiform mole in Duhok, Iraq: Frequency, types and histopathological diagnostic features %A Rana Mumtaz Matlob , Mayada Ili̇as Yalda , Zihel Hassan Hussei̇n , Tamara Qais Faraj %T Hydatidiform mole in Duhok, Iraq: Frequency, types and histopathological diagnostic features %D 2020 %J Journal of Surgery and Medicine %P -2602-2079 %V 4 %N 1 %R doi: 10.28982/josam.663841 %U 10.28982/josam.663841
ISNAD Matlob, Rana Mumtaz , Ili̇as Yalda, Mayada , Hussei̇n, Zihel Hassan , Faraj, Tamara Qais . "Hydatidiform mole in Duhok, Iraq: Frequency, types and histopathological diagnostic features". Journal of Surgery and Medicine 4 / 1 (January 2020): 9-11 . https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.663841
AMA Matlob R , Ili̇as Yalda M , Hussei̇n Z , Faraj T . Hydatidiform mole in Duhok, Iraq: Frequency, types and histopathological diagnostic features. J Surg Med. 2020; 4(1): 9-11.
Vancouver Matlob R , Ili̇as Yalda M , Hussei̇n Z , Faraj T . Hydatidiform mole in Duhok, Iraq: Frequency, types and histopathological diagnostic features. Journal of Surgery and Medicine. 2020; 4(1): 9-11.

Authors of the Article
Rana Mumtaz MATLOB [1]
Mayada ILİAS YALDA [2]
Zihel Hassan HUSSEİN [3]
Tamara Qais FARAJ [4]