Research Article
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Clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with COVID-19 followed up due to acute ischemic stroke

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 11, 1135 - 1138, 01.11.2021
https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.953025

Abstract

Background/Aim: As coronavirus infectious disease 2019 (COVID-19) spreads worldwide, there is increasing evidence of an association between COVID-19 and vascular diseases. However, there are limited data on the clinical characteristics, stroke mechanisms, and prognosis of stroke patients with COVID-19. We aimed to evaluate the clinical and laboratory features and prognosis of patients with COVID-19 who were followed up due to acute ischemic stroke. Methods: Fifty-six patients with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 and acute ischemic stroke were included in this retrospective study. The demographic characteristics, medical history, symptoms, clinical, laboratory and imaging findings of the patients were evaluated retrospectively. The patients were divided into two groups according to the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score in the first month, as those with good or poor prognosis. Results: There were forty (71%) males, 16 (29%) females, and their overall mean age was 69.21 (8.77) (55-90) years. Fifty (89.2%) of 56 patients had pneumonia findings in chest computed tomography. The mortality rate was 35.7% (n=10) and 26 patients (46.4%) had a poor prognosis according to the mRS scores. Increased C-reactive protein and D-dimer levels were associated with mortality in the COVID-19 positive acute ischemic stroke patients (P=0.035, P=0.023). Conclusion: The COVID-19–associated coagulopathy increases mortality and grossly affects the course of the infectious process. Inflammation markers may be associated with poor prognosis in stroke patients with COVID-19.

References

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  • 2. Helms J, Kremer S, Merdji H, Clere-Jehl R, Schenck M, Kummerlen C, et al. Neurologic Features in Severe SARS-CoV-2 Infection. N Engl J Med. 2020 Jun 4;382(23):2268-70. doi: 10.1056/NEJMc2008597.
  • 3. Klok FA, Kruip MJHA, van der Meer NJM, Arbous MS, Gommers DAMPJ, Kant KM, et al.Incidence of thrombotic complications in critically ill ICU patients with COVID-19. Thromb Res. 2020 Jul;191:145-7. doi: 10.1016/j.thromres.2020.04.013.
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  • 7. Chang JC. Sepsis and septic shock: endothelial molecular pathogenesis associated with vascular microthrombotic disease. Thromb J. 2019 May 30;17:10. doi: 10.1186/s12959-019-0198-4.
  • 8. Wang HY, Li XL, Yan ZR, Sun XP, Han J, Zhang BW. Potential neurological symptoms of COVID-19. Ther Adv Neurol Disord. 2020 Mar 28;13:1756286420917830. doi: 10.1177/1756286420917830.
  • 9. Zheng YY, Ma YT, Zhang JY, Xie X. COVID-19 and the cardiovascular system. Nat Rev Cardiol. 2020 May;17(5):259-60. doi: 10.1038/s41569-020-0360-5.
  • 10. Wu Y, Xu X, Chen Z, Duan J, Hashimoto K, Yang L, et al. Nervous system involvement after infection with COVID-19 and other coronaviruses. Brain Behav Immun. 2020 Jul;87:18-22. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2020.03.031.
  • 11. Adams HP Jr, Bendixen BH, Kappelle LJ, Biller J, Love BB, Gordon DL, et al. Classification of subtype of acute ischemic stroke. Definitions for use in a multicenter clinical trial. TOAST. Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment. Stroke. 1993 Jan;24(1):35-41. doi: 10.1161/01.str.24.1.35.
  • 12. Lopes da Silva R. Viral-associated thrombotic microangiopathies. Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Ther. 2011;4(2):51-9. doi: 10.5144/1658-3876.2011.51.
  • 13. Brisse E, Wouters CH, Andrei G, Matthys P. How Viruses Contribute to the Pathogenesis of Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis. Front Immunol. 2017 Sep 7;8:1102. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2017.01102.
  • 14. Mehta P, McAuley DF, Brown M, Sanchez E, Tattersall RS, Manson JJ; HLH Across Speciality Collaboration, UK. COVID-19: consider cytokine storm syndromes and immunosuppression. Lancet. 2020 Mar 28;395(10229):1033-4. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30628-0.
  • 15. Li Y, Li M, Wang M, Zhou Y, Chang J, Xian Y, et al. Acute cerebrovascular disease following COVID-19: a single center, retrospective, observational study. Stroke Vasc Neurol. 2020 Sep;5(3):279-84. doi: 10.1136/svn-2020-000431.
  • 16. Lee SG, Fralick M, Sholzberg M. Coagulopathy associated with COVID-19. CMAJ. 2020 May 25;192(21):E583. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.200685.
  • 17. Thachil J, Tang N, Gando S, Falanga A, Cattaneo M, Levi M, Clark C, Iba T. ISTH interim guidance on recognition and management of coagulopathy in COVID-19. J Thromb Haemost. 2020 May;18(5):1023-6. doi: 10.1111/jth.14810.
  • 18. Yaghi S, Ishida K, Torres J, Mac Grory B, Raz E, Humbert K, et al. SARS-CoV-2 and Stroke in a New York Healthcare System. Stroke. 2020 Jul;51(7):2002-11. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.120.030335.
  • 19. Beyrouti R, Adams ME, Benjamin L, Cohen H, Farmer SF, Goh YY, et al. Characteristics of ischaemic stroke associated with COVID-19. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2020 Aug;91(8):889-91. doi: 10.1136/jnnp-2020-323586.
  • 20. Oxley TJ, Mocco J, Majidi S, Kellner CP, Shoirah H, Singh IP, et al. Large-Vessel Stroke as a Presenting Feature of Covid-19 in the Young. N Engl J Med. 2020 May 14;382(20):e60. doi: 10.1056/NEJMc2009787.
  • 21. Magdi M, Rahil A. Severe Immune Thrombocytopenia Complicated by Intracerebral Haemorrhage Associated with Coronavirus Infection: A Case Report and Literature Review. Eur J Case Rep Intern Med. 2019 Jul 12;6(7):001155. doi: 10.12890/2019_001155.
  • 22. Hughes C, Nichols T, Pike M, Subbe C, Elghenzai S. Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis as a Presentation of COVID-19. Eur J Case Rep Intern Med. 2020 Apr 29;7(5):001691. doi: 10.12890/2020_001691.
  • 23. Wang J, Hajizadeh N, Moore EE, McIntyre RC, Moore PK, Veress LA, et al. Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) treatment for COVID-19 associated acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS): A case series. J Thromb Haemost. 2020 Jul;18(7):1752-5. doi: 10.1111/jth.14828.
  • 24. Goldberg MF, Goldberg MF, Cerejo R, Tayal AH. Cerebrovascular Disease in COVID-19. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2020 Jul;41(7):1170-2. doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A6588.

Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 11, 1135 - 1138, 01.11.2021
https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.953025

Abstract

References

  • 1. Mao L, Jin H, Wang M, Hu Y, Chen S, He Q, et al. Neurologic Manifestations of Hospitalized Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Wuhan, China. JAMA Neurol. 2020 Jun 1;77(6):683-90. doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2020.1127.
  • 2. Helms J, Kremer S, Merdji H, Clere-Jehl R, Schenck M, Kummerlen C, et al. Neurologic Features in Severe SARS-CoV-2 Infection. N Engl J Med. 2020 Jun 4;382(23):2268-70. doi: 10.1056/NEJMc2008597.
  • 3. Klok FA, Kruip MJHA, van der Meer NJM, Arbous MS, Gommers DAMPJ, Kant KM, et al.Incidence of thrombotic complications in critically ill ICU patients with COVID-19. Thromb Res. 2020 Jul;191:145-7. doi: 10.1016/j.thromres.2020.04.013.
  • 4. Chen N, Zhou M, Dong X, Qu J, Gong F, Han Y, et al. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a descriptive study. Lancet. 2020 Feb 15;395(10223):507-13.doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30211-7.
  • 5. Ridker PM. Anticytokine Agents: Targeting Interleukin Signaling Pathways for the Treatment of Atherothrombosis. Circ Res. 2019 Feb;124(3):437-50. doi: 10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.118.313129.
  • 6. Varga Z, Flammer AJ, Steiger P, Haberecker M, Andermatt R, Zinkernagel AS,et al. Endothelial cell infection and endotheliitis in COVID-19. Lancet. 2020 May 2;395(10234):1417-8. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30937-5.
  • 7. Chang JC. Sepsis and septic shock: endothelial molecular pathogenesis associated with vascular microthrombotic disease. Thromb J. 2019 May 30;17:10. doi: 10.1186/s12959-019-0198-4.
  • 8. Wang HY, Li XL, Yan ZR, Sun XP, Han J, Zhang BW. Potential neurological symptoms of COVID-19. Ther Adv Neurol Disord. 2020 Mar 28;13:1756286420917830. doi: 10.1177/1756286420917830.
  • 9. Zheng YY, Ma YT, Zhang JY, Xie X. COVID-19 and the cardiovascular system. Nat Rev Cardiol. 2020 May;17(5):259-60. doi: 10.1038/s41569-020-0360-5.
  • 10. Wu Y, Xu X, Chen Z, Duan J, Hashimoto K, Yang L, et al. Nervous system involvement after infection with COVID-19 and other coronaviruses. Brain Behav Immun. 2020 Jul;87:18-22. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2020.03.031.
  • 11. Adams HP Jr, Bendixen BH, Kappelle LJ, Biller J, Love BB, Gordon DL, et al. Classification of subtype of acute ischemic stroke. Definitions for use in a multicenter clinical trial. TOAST. Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment. Stroke. 1993 Jan;24(1):35-41. doi: 10.1161/01.str.24.1.35.
  • 12. Lopes da Silva R. Viral-associated thrombotic microangiopathies. Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Ther. 2011;4(2):51-9. doi: 10.5144/1658-3876.2011.51.
  • 13. Brisse E, Wouters CH, Andrei G, Matthys P. How Viruses Contribute to the Pathogenesis of Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis. Front Immunol. 2017 Sep 7;8:1102. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2017.01102.
  • 14. Mehta P, McAuley DF, Brown M, Sanchez E, Tattersall RS, Manson JJ; HLH Across Speciality Collaboration, UK. COVID-19: consider cytokine storm syndromes and immunosuppression. Lancet. 2020 Mar 28;395(10229):1033-4. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30628-0.
  • 15. Li Y, Li M, Wang M, Zhou Y, Chang J, Xian Y, et al. Acute cerebrovascular disease following COVID-19: a single center, retrospective, observational study. Stroke Vasc Neurol. 2020 Sep;5(3):279-84. doi: 10.1136/svn-2020-000431.
  • 16. Lee SG, Fralick M, Sholzberg M. Coagulopathy associated with COVID-19. CMAJ. 2020 May 25;192(21):E583. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.200685.
  • 17. Thachil J, Tang N, Gando S, Falanga A, Cattaneo M, Levi M, Clark C, Iba T. ISTH interim guidance on recognition and management of coagulopathy in COVID-19. J Thromb Haemost. 2020 May;18(5):1023-6. doi: 10.1111/jth.14810.
  • 18. Yaghi S, Ishida K, Torres J, Mac Grory B, Raz E, Humbert K, et al. SARS-CoV-2 and Stroke in a New York Healthcare System. Stroke. 2020 Jul;51(7):2002-11. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.120.030335.
  • 19. Beyrouti R, Adams ME, Benjamin L, Cohen H, Farmer SF, Goh YY, et al. Characteristics of ischaemic stroke associated with COVID-19. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2020 Aug;91(8):889-91. doi: 10.1136/jnnp-2020-323586.
  • 20. Oxley TJ, Mocco J, Majidi S, Kellner CP, Shoirah H, Singh IP, et al. Large-Vessel Stroke as a Presenting Feature of Covid-19 in the Young. N Engl J Med. 2020 May 14;382(20):e60. doi: 10.1056/NEJMc2009787.
  • 21. Magdi M, Rahil A. Severe Immune Thrombocytopenia Complicated by Intracerebral Haemorrhage Associated with Coronavirus Infection: A Case Report and Literature Review. Eur J Case Rep Intern Med. 2019 Jul 12;6(7):001155. doi: 10.12890/2019_001155.
  • 22. Hughes C, Nichols T, Pike M, Subbe C, Elghenzai S. Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis as a Presentation of COVID-19. Eur J Case Rep Intern Med. 2020 Apr 29;7(5):001691. doi: 10.12890/2020_001691.
  • 23. Wang J, Hajizadeh N, Moore EE, McIntyre RC, Moore PK, Veress LA, et al. Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) treatment for COVID-19 associated acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS): A case series. J Thromb Haemost. 2020 Jul;18(7):1752-5. doi: 10.1111/jth.14828.
  • 24. Goldberg MF, Goldberg MF, Cerejo R, Tayal AH. Cerebrovascular Disease in COVID-19. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2020 Jul;41(7):1170-2. doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A6588.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Clinical Neurology
Journal Section Research article
Authors

Dilek YILMAZ OKUYAN (Primary Author)
Konya Numune Hastanesi
0000-0003-0996-7739
Türkiye


Meltem KARACAN GÖLEN
Konya Numune Hastanesi
0000-0002-2422-9470
Türkiye

Publication Date November 1, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 5, Issue 11

Cite

Bibtex @research article { josam953025, journal = {Journal of Surgery and Medicine}, eissn = {2602-2079}, address = {jsurgmed@gmail.com}, publisher = {Fatih BAŞAK}, year = {2021}, volume = {5}, number = {11}, pages = {1135 - 1138}, doi = {10.28982/josam.953025}, title = {Clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with COVID-19 followed up due to acute ischemic stroke}, key = {cite}, author = {Yılmaz Okuyan, Dilek and Karacan Gölen, Meltem} }
APA Yılmaz Okuyan, D. & Karacan Gölen, M. (2021). Clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with COVID-19 followed up due to acute ischemic stroke . Journal of Surgery and Medicine , 5 (11) , 1135-1138 . DOI: 10.28982/josam.953025
MLA Yılmaz Okuyan, D. , Karacan Gölen, M. "Clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with COVID-19 followed up due to acute ischemic stroke" . Journal of Surgery and Medicine 5 (2021 ): 1135-1138 <https://jsurgmed.com/en/pub/issue/65790/953025>
Chicago Yılmaz Okuyan, D. , Karacan Gölen, M. "Clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with COVID-19 followed up due to acute ischemic stroke". Journal of Surgery and Medicine 5 (2021 ): 1135-1138
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with COVID-19 followed up due to acute ischemic stroke AU - Dilek Yılmaz Okuyan , Meltem Karacan Gölen Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.28982/josam.953025 DO - 10.28982/josam.953025 T2 - Journal of Surgery and Medicine JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1135 EP - 1138 VL - 5 IS - 11 SN - -2602-2079 M3 - doi: 10.28982/josam.953025 UR - https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.953025 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Surgery and Medicine Clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with COVID-19 followed up due to acute ischemic stroke %A Dilek Yılmaz Okuyan , Meltem Karacan Gölen %T Clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with COVID-19 followed up due to acute ischemic stroke %D 2021 %J Journal of Surgery and Medicine %P -2602-2079 %V 5 %N 11 %R doi: 10.28982/josam.953025 %U 10.28982/josam.953025
ISNAD Yılmaz Okuyan, Dilek , Karacan Gölen, Meltem . "Clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with COVID-19 followed up due to acute ischemic stroke". Journal of Surgery and Medicine 5 / 11 (November 2021): 1135-1138 . https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.953025
AMA Yılmaz Okuyan D. , Karacan Gölen M. Clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with COVID-19 followed up due to acute ischemic stroke. J Surg Med. 2021; 5(11): 1135-1138.
Vancouver Yılmaz Okuyan D. , Karacan Gölen M. Clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with COVID-19 followed up due to acute ischemic stroke. Journal of Surgery and Medicine. 2021; 5(11): 1135-1138.
IEEE D. Yılmaz Okuyan and M. Karacan Gölen , "Clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with COVID-19 followed up due to acute ischemic stroke", Journal of Surgery and Medicine, vol. 5, no. 11, pp. 1135-1138, Nov. 2021, doi:10.28982/josam.953025

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