Assessment of the efficacy of endovascular treatment in chronic limb-threatening ischemia in diabetic and non-diabetic patients
Keywords:limb-threatening ischemia, endovascular intervention, diabetes mellitus
Aim: Peripheral artery diseases are a very common manifestation of atherosclerosis. We assessed the clinical outcomes of diabetic versus non-diabetic patients with chronic limb-threatening leg ischemia who underwent Peripheral Transluminal Angioplasty (PTA). Methods: The patients (84 diabetic/66 non-diabetic) who underwent percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in the lower extremity arterial lesions (stenosis/occlusion) because of chronic limb-threatening leg ischemia (Rutherford class 4 and above) between June 2013 and March 2020 were included in the study. Results: Six-month primary patency rates were 86.5% and 93.3% in the diabetic and non-diabetic group, respectively. The 12-month primary patency rates were 73.0% and 73.3%; and 12-month secondary patency rates were 66.7% and 77.8%. No differences were detected between the groups in terms of patency rates. Major amputation and total amputation rates were higher at statistically significant levels in the diabetic patient group (%16.7% vs. 6.1%; P=0.003) (34.6% vs. 22.8%); P=0.004) Conclusion: When patency and amputation rates are evaluated in diabetic and non-diabetic patient groups with limb-threatening chronic leg ischemia after endovascular treatment, good clinical results were reported in these two groups. Current results suggest that endovascular treatment can be used safely and effectively in both patient groups.
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