Orthopedic surgeons’ attitudes and expectations toward artificial intelligence: A national survey study

Artificial intelligence and orthopedic surgeons



artificial intelligence, attitudes, orthopedic surgeons, survey


Background/Aim: There is a lack of understanding of artificial intelligence (AI) among orthopedic surgeons regarding how it can be used in their clinical practices. This study aimed to evaluate the attitudes of orthopedic surgeons regarding the application of AI in their practices.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Turkey among 189 orthopedic surgeons between November 2021 and February 2022. An electronic survey was designed using the SurveyMonkey platform. The questionnaire included six subsections related to AI usefulness in clinical practice and participants’ knowledge about the topic. It also surveyed their acceptance level of learning, concerns about the potential risks of AI, and implementation of this technology into their daily practice

Results: A total of 33.9% of the participants indicated that they were familiar with the concept of AI, while 82.5% planned to learn about artificial intelligence in the coming years. Most of the surgeons (68.3%) reported not using AI in their daily practice. The activities of orthopedic associations focused on AI were insufficient according to 77.2% of participants. Orthopedic surgeons expressed concern over AI involvement in the future regarding an insensitive and nonempathic attitude toward the patient (53.5%). A majority of respondents (80.4%) indicated that AI was most feasible in extremity reconstruction. Pelvis fractures were found in the region where the AI system is most needed in the fracture classification (68.7%).

Conclusion: Most of the respondents did not use AI in their daily clinical practice; however, almost all surgeons had plans to learn about artificial intelligence in the future. There was a need to improve orthopedic associations’ activities focusing on artificial intelligence. Furthermore, new research including the medical ethics issues of the field will be needed to allay the surgeons’ worries. The classification system of pelvic fractures and sub-branches of orthopedic extremity reconstruction were the most feasible areas for AI systems. We believe that this study will serve as a guide for all branches of orthopedic medicine.


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Author Biography

Haluk Berk, Dokuz Eylul University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Izmir, Turkey

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology


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Research Article

How to Cite

Şahin E, Berk H. Orthopedic surgeons’ attitudes and expectations toward artificial intelligence: A national survey study: Artificial intelligence and orthopedic surgeons. J Surg Med [Internet]. 2023 Feb. 13 [cited 2023 Apr. 1];7(2):151-5. Available from: https://jsurgmed.com/article/view/7709