Timing of cesarean delivery for women with four or more previous cesarean sections
Timing of repetitive cesarean delivery
Keywords:Cesarean section, Timing, Maternal outcome, Neonatal outcome
Background/Aim: The number of recurrent cesareans is increasing worldwide, but the optimal timing for delivery in women who have had previous cesareans is controversial. The aim of this study is to determine the optimal timing of elective cesarean delivery in women with a history of four or more cesarean sections (CSs).
Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in a tertiary hospital; 195 patients with a history of four or more CSs were grouped according to their gestation weeks on operation day and analyzed in terms of demographic features and clinical data as well as maternal and neonatal outcomes. Gestation weeks were grouped as 37-38 weeks and 39 weeks. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the effect of independent variables on maternal and fetal outcomes.
Results: Of the 195 patients, 118 had CS between 37-38 weeks and 77 at 39 weeks. Clinical and demographic characteristics were similar among groups. The overall maternal complication did not differ between the groups (16.1% vs 16.9%, P = 0.885). The 1st and 5th minute APGAR scores were significantly lower in the 37-386 weeks group (P = 0.013 and P = 0.04, respectively). Logistic regression analysis found that neonatal 5th minute APGAR score was associated with a model including maternal age, number of previous CS, anesthesia type, gestational week at delivery, and neonatal birth weight.
Conclusion: Timing CS at 39 weeks in patients with a history of four or more CSs was found not to worsen maternal outcomes. Additionally, planning at 39 weeks could improve newborn outcomes.
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