Evaluation of trauma patients admitted to the emergency department of in Mogadishu Training and Research Hospital, Somalia: Cross-sectional study of 1106 patients
Keywords:Emergency medicine, Trauma patients, Somalia
Aim: Trauma-related injuries are among the most pressing issues today, causing economic, social, and healthcare burdens. The aim of this study is to better manage and approach trauma patients by comparing our results with the literature, and reach standards set by developed countries.
Methods: Data of patients who were admitted to the emergency service of Mogadishu Somalia Turkish Training and Research Hospital with trauma between 1 September 2017 and 30 April 2018 were retrospectively obtained from the hospital registry and patient files. Demographic data such as the age, gender, means of injury, site of injury, department of hospitalization and discharge/death records were recorded and analyzed. Descriptive statistics and chi-square test were used. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: Among 11225 patients admitted to the emergency department, 1106 were trauma patients. 29.3% were females and 70.7% were males. 49.9% of the patients (n=551) were discharged from the emergency service after follow-up, and 50.1% (n=541) were admitted to various departments. 14 patients died in the emergency service.
Conclusion: Traumas constitute about a quarter of referrals to the emergency service in developed countries. In Somalia, this ratio was about 1:10. Proper management during the pre-hospitalization and hospitalization periods and transferal of patients when needed may help reduce the morbidity and mortality of trauma patients.
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