The two new surgical techniques for vaginal cuff prolapse and uterine prolapse

Authors

Keywords:

Pelvic organ prolapse, Vaginal cuff prolapse, Sacrospinous colpopexy

Abstract

Pelvic organ prolapse and vaginal cuff prolapse are clinical conditions that affect women’s quality of life and require surgical treatment. In this study, we aimed to present apical vaginal prolapse and uterine descensus treatment with two new techniques. The classical sacrospinous ligament fixation technique fixes only one or two corners of the vaginal apex to the sacrospinous ligament, but it does not support the upper anterior and posterior vaginal fascia. Since it expands the upper part of the vagina with a suture put on the sides of the vaginal apex, it may not only expose the anterior and posterior vaginal walls to greater intraabdominal pressure and cause cystocele and enterocele development, but lead to sexual problems, as well. Apart from this, if sacrospinous colpopexy is performed to one side only, the vaginal apex is deviated towards the fixation, thus spoiling the vaginal anatomy. With our following methods, we imitate the physiological anatomy: Transapical circular Sacrospinous colpopexy (TACSAC) and Transcervical apical circular Sacrospinous uteropexy (TACSU). TACSAC: Bilateral side walls of the vaginal apex are marked with a color pencil 2 cm medially to the right and left ischial spine and 2 cm in length. Vaginal apex walls are bilaterally and vertically incised until the submucosa layer. Two submucosal tunnels are opened by using a right-angle clamp between the tips of two vertical incisions on the vaginal apex. The vaginal apex is fixed with a TOT mesh through these channels. In TACSU, the same procedure is followed for the cervix. These methods are more likely to mimic normal anatomy, easier to perform, and lower risk of complications.

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References

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Published

2019-08-01

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Section

Case Report

How to Cite

1.
Bıldırcın FD, Özdemir A, Karlı P, Kökçü A. The two new surgical techniques for vaginal cuff prolapse and uterine prolapse. J Surg Med [Internet]. 2019 Aug. 1 [cited 2022 Nov. 30];3(8):619-22. Available from: https://jsurgmed.com/article/view/605975