Does perioperative fluid management affect the development of postoperative complications in major gastrointestinal tract surgery? A retrospective cohort study
Keywords:Crystalloid, Colloid, Surgery, Fluid replacement
Background/Aim: In major abdominal surgeries, maintenance of electrolyte homeostasis and euvolemia is crucial. However there is still no consensus on the most effective intraoperative fluid regimen. Our primary aim in this study was to investigate the impact of colloid infusion given in addition to perioperative fluid replacement on the development of postoperative complications in patients undergoing major gastrointestinal tract surgery. Methods: Patients who underwent major abdominal surgery in our hospital due to gastrointestinal tract malignancy between January 2015 and January 2020 were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study. We recorded data regarding the volume of perioperative fluid replacement, the amount of crystalloid and colloid administered, postoperative complications, length of hospital stay, frequency of follow-up in the intensive care unit and length of stay. Results: A total of 326 patients, who underwent gastrointestinal tract surgery, were included in the study. Postoperative pulmonary complications (24.2%), wound infection (20.6%), and anastomotic leakage (3.1%) were the most-observed three complications in the study cohort. Among 163 patients who required postoperative ICU follow-up, 84 (25.7%) patients received colloid infusion, whereas 79 (24.2%) patients did not receive (P=0.181). However, the incidence of other complications in the group with a crystalloid intake of ≤2 L was found to be significantly higher compared to the group receiving >2 L of crystalloids (P=0.038). Conclusion: We found no association between the administration of colloids along with crystalloid infusion and the incidence of postoperative complications. Besides there was no relation with the adverse effects in terms of the length of hospital stay and the frequency of admission to the intensive care unit.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Mehmet Mustafa Altıntaş, Kemal Tolga Saraçoğlu, Aytaç Emre Kocaoğlu, Fırat Mülküt, Ayten Saracoğlu, Selçuk Kaya, Ayhan Çevik
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