Characteristic and management of pediatric arachnoid cysts: A case series
Pediatric arachnoid cysts
Keywords:Arachnoid cysts, Conservative management, Craniotomy, Cysto-peritoneal shunting, Microsurgical cyst fenestration
Background/Aim: Arachnoid cysts (ACs) are the collection of fluid, which is similar in composition to cerebrospinal fluid, within the congenitally duplicated arachnoid membrane. ACs are clinically silent lesions, but sometimes they can manifest themselves with headache, convulsion, focal neurological deficits, cognitive decline, torticollis, and macrocephaly. Although the appropriate surgical approach is less clear, there is a consensus on the need for surgical treatment in symptomatic ACs. This study aims to reveal the advantages and disadvantages of cystoperitoneal shunt and microsurgical fenestration techniques.
Methods: One hundred ninety-one consecutive patients from 1 month to 15 years old with AC were evaluated for suitability. Sixteen patients who underwent surgery were included in the study. Medical records of the patients with AC managed at our institutions were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Sixteen of 191 patients underwent surgical treatment via craniotomy for microsurgical cyst fenestration (CF) and cysto-peritoneal shunting (CS). CF was performed with partial cyst wall excision in all patients.
Results: Seizure was the most common presentation in the patients, followed by headache and trauma, respectively. In our series the most common indications of the surgery were increased intracranial pressure (IICP). CF was performed in nine patients, and CS was performed in seven as the primary treatment. CS-related complications, such as infection (n = 2), dysfunction (n = 2) and intraabdominal abscess (n = 1) were the most commonly observed complications. No infections were observed after CF, but subdural hematoma was observed in one child.
Conclusions: Although the most common symptoms in cases with arachnoid cysts are headache, rare symptoms, such as torticollis, may exist. Due to this, clinicians should reveal the cyst-complaint relationship first. Given the increased complications of CS, in addition to shunt independency and being free from shunt-related complications, the microsurgical CF with wide excision of the membranes seems to be the more preferable surgical option.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Abdulfettah Tümtürk , Nimetullah Alper Durmuş , Süreyya Burcu Görkem , Murat Çiftçi , Mehmet Canpolat , Hüseyin Per
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