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Pediatrik popülasyonda taş dansitesinin perkütan nefrolitotomi sonuçlarına etkisi

Yıl 2019, Cilt 3, Sayı 7, 498 - 502, 29.07.2019
https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.587965

Öz

Amaç: Kontrastsız bilgisayarlı tomografi (BT) kullanılarak, üriner sistem taşlarının Hounsfield ünitesi (HU) ölçümü ile, taşların dansiteleri hakkında bilgi verir. Bu çalışmada, pediatrik taş hastalığı olan hastalarda taş HU değerlerinin perkütan nefrolitotomi (PCNL) sonuçları üzerindeki etkileri değerlendirildi.

Yöntemler: Bu retrospektif kohort çalışmasında, Ocak 2010 ve Aralık 2018 tarihleri arasında PCNL uygulanan 61 pediatrik hastanın kayıtları değerlendirildi. Hasta kayıtlarından tüm hastaların demografik verileri, taş özellikleri, peroperatif değişiklikleri, sonuçları ve komplikasyonları tarandı. Operasyon öncesi BT çekilen çocuk hastaların taş yapıları, HU değerlerine göre iki gruba ayrıldı: düşük HU grubu (HU ≤1000) ve yüksek HU grubu (HU >1000).

Bulgular: 61 pediatrik hastaya toplam 65 PCNL operasyonu uygulandı. Tüm hastaların medyan taş boyutu 420 mm2 – 475 mm2 (78-2475), basit / kompleks taş oranı 36 (%55,3) / 29 (%44,6) idi. Operasyon öncesi BT kullanılan toplam 38 hasta incelendi. Hastaların 22'sinde HU değeri ≤1000 iken, 16'sında HU değeri >1000 idi. Düşük ve yüksek HU grupları karşılaştırıldığında, gruplar arasında işlem süresi, floroskopi zamanı, başarı oranları ve komplikasyon oranları açısından istatistiksel olarak anlamlı fark saptanmadı.

Sonuç: Pediatrik popülasyonda uygulanan PCNL ameliyatı, büyük ve kompleks taşların tedavisi için etkili bir yöntemdir. PCNL'den önce BT kullanılarak değerlendirilen pediatrik hastalarda, taş HU değerlerinin PCNL başarısını etkilemediğini belirledik.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Muslumanoglu AY, Binbay M, Yuruk E, Akman T, Tepeler A, Esen T, et al. Updated epidemiologic study of urolithiasis in Turkey. I: changing characteristics of urolithiasis. Urol Res. 2011 Aug;39(4):309-14. doi: 10.1007/s00240-010-0346-6.
  • 2. Newman DM, Coury T, Lingeman JE, Mertz JH, Mosbaugh PG, Steele RE, et al.Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy experience in children. J Urol. 1986 Jul;136(1 Pt 2):238-40.
  • 3. Radmayr C, Bogaert G, Dogan HS, Kocˇvara R, Nijman JM, Stein R, et al. Guidelines on paediatric urology. European Association of Urology 2018. Available at http://uroweb. org/guideline/paediatric-urology. Accessed December 10, 2018.
  • 4. Mahmud M, Zaidi Z. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy in children before school age: experience of a Pakistani centre. BJU Int. 2004 Dec;94(9):1352-4.
  • 5. Nouralizadeh A, Basiri A, Javaherforooshzadeh A, Soltani MH, Tajali F. Experience of percutaneous nephrolithotomy using adult-size instruments in children less than 5 years old. J Pediatr Urol. 2009 Oct;5(5):351-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2008.12.009.
  • 6. Patel SR, Haleblian G, Zabbo A, Pareek G. Hounsfield units on computed tomography predict calcium stone subtype composition. Urol Int. 2009;83(2):175-80. doi: 10.1159/000230020.
  • 7. Joseph P, Mandal AK, Singh SK, Mandal P, Sankhwar SN, Sharma SK. Computerized tomography attenuation value of renal calculus: can it predict successful fragmentation of the calculus by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy? J Urol. 2002 May;167(5):1968-71.
  • 8. Gupta NP, Ansari MS, Kesarvani P, Kapoor A, Mukhopadhyay S. Role of computedtomography with no contrast medium enhancement in predicting the outcome of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy for urinary calculi. BJU Int. 2005 Jun;95(9):1285-8.
  • 9. El-Assmy A, El-Nahas AR, Harraz AM, El Demerdash Y, Elsaadany MM, El-Halwagy S, et al. Clinically Insignificant Residual Fragments: Is It an Appropriate Term in Children? Urology. 2015 Sep;86(3):593-8. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2015.06.017.
  • 10. McAdams S, Kim N, Dajusta D, Monga M, Ravish IR, Nerli R, et al. Preoperative Stone attenuation value predicts success after shock wave lithotripsy in children. J Urol. 2010 Oct;184(4 Suppl):1804-9. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2010.03.112.
  • 11. Ito H, Kawahara T, Terao H, Ogawa T, Yao M, Kubota Y, et al. Predictive value ofattenuation coefficients measured as Hounsfield units on noncontrast computed tomography during flexible ureteroscopy with holmium laser lithotripsy: a single-center experience. J Endourol. 2012 Sep;26(9):1125-30. doi: 10.1089/end.2012.0154.
  • 12. Gücük A, Uyetürk U, Oztürk U, Kemahli E, Yildiz M, Metin A. Does the Hounsfield unit Value determined by computed tomography predict the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy? J Endourol. 2012 Jul;26(7):792-6. doi: 10.1089/end.2011.0518.
  • 13. Gok A, Polat H, Cift A, Yucel MO, Gok B, Sirik M, et al. The hounsfield unit valuecalculated with the aid of non-contrast computed tomography and its effect on the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Urolithiasis. 2015 Jun;43(3):277-81. doi: 10.1007/s00240-015-0766-4.
  • 14. Nguyen HT, Herndon CD, Cooper C, Gatti J, Kirsch A, Kokorowski P et al. The Society for Fetal Urology consensus statement on the evaluation and management of antenatal hydronephrosis. J Pediatr Urol. 2010 Jun;6(3):212-31. doi: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2010.02.205.
  • 15. Tefekli A, Ali Karadag M, Tepeler K, Sari E, Berberoglu Y, Baykal M, et al. Classification of percutaneous nephrolithotomy complications using the modified Clavien grading system: looking for a standard. Eur Urol. 2008 Jan;53(1):184-90.
  • 16. Lao M, Kogan BA, White MD, Feustel PJ. High recurrence rate at 5-year followup in children after upper urinary tract stone surgery. J Urol. 2014 Feb;191(2):440-4. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2013.09.021.
  • 17. Demirkesen O, Tansu N, Yaycıoglu O, Onal B, Yalcin V, Solok V. Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy in the pediatric population. J Endourol. 1999 Apr;13(3):147-50.
  • 18. Nazli O, Cal C, Ozyurt C, Gunaydin G, Cureklibatur I, Avcieri V, et al. Results of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in the pediatric age group. Eur Urol. 1998;33(3):333-6.
  • 19. Ozden E, Sahin A, Tan B, Doğan HS, Eren MT, Tekgül S. Percutaneous renal surgery in children with complex stones. J Pediatr Urol. 2008 Aug;4(4):295-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2008.01.212.
  • 20. Desai MR, Kukreja RA, Patel SH, Pabat SD. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy for complex pediatric renal calculus disease. J Endourol. 2004 Feb;18(1):23-7.
  • 21. Zeren S, Satar N, Bayazit Y, Bayazit AK, Payasli K, Ozkeceli R. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy in the management of pediatric renal calculi. J Endourol. 2002 Mar;16(2):75-8.
  • 22. Çakıcı MC, Sarı S, Özok H, Karakoyunlu N, Hepşen E, Sağnak, et al. Comparison of Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery and Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy in the Treatment of 2-3 cm Multi Calyceal Kidney Stones. Journal of Urological Surgery, 2018;5(4):143-148. doi: 10.4274/jus.1993.
  • 23. Woodside JR, Stevens GF, Stark GL, Borden TA, Ball WS. Percutaneous stone removal in children. J Urol. 1985 Dec;134(6):1166-7.
  • 24. Thiruchelvam N, Mostafid H, Ubhayakar G. Planning percutaneous nephrolithotomy using multidetector computed tomography urography, multiplanar reconstruction and three- dimensional reformatting. BJU Int. 2005 Jun;95(9):1280-4.
  • 25. Gedik A, Tutus A, Kayan D, Yılmaz Y, Bircan K. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy in pediatric patients: is computerized tomography a must? Urol Res. 2011 Feb;39(1):45-9. doi: 10.1007/s00240-010-0272-7.
  • 26. Jackman SV, Hedican SP, Peters CA, Docimo SG. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy in infants and preschool age children: experience with a new technique. Urology. 1998 Oct;52(4):697-701.
  • 27. Dede O, Sancaktutar AA, Dağguli M, Utangaç M, Baş O, Penbegul N. Ultra-mini- percutaneous nephrolithotomy in pediatric nephrolithiasis: Both low pressure and high efficiency. J Pediatr Urol. 2015 Oct;11(5):253.e1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2015.03.012.
  • 28. Celik H, Camtosun A, Altintas R, Tasdemir C. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy in children with pediatric and adult-sized instruments. J Pediatr Urol. 2016 Dec;12(6):399.e1-399.e5. doi: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2016.04.053.
  • 29. Choong S, Whitfield H, Duffy P, Kellett M, Cuckow P, Van't Hoff W, et al. The management of paediatric urolithiasis. BJU Int. 2000 Nov;86(7):857-60.

Effects of the stone density on the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in pediatric population

Yıl 2019, Cilt 3, Sayı 7, 498 - 502, 29.07.2019
https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.587965

Öz

Aim: The measurement of the stone densities of urinary system calculi in Hounsfield units (HU) using non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) provides information regarding the composition and hardness of the stones. This study aims to evaluate the effects of stone HU values on the percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) outcomes in pediatric stone disease patients. 

Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, the records of 57 pediatric patients, who had undergone PCNL between 2010 January and 2018 May, were evaluated. Demographic data, stone characteristics, peroperative changes, outcomes, and complications were obtained from patient records. The patients were divided into two groups based on their HU values: the low HU group (HU ≤1000) and the high HU group (HU >1000). 

Results: A total of 61 PCNL operations were performed on 57 pediatric patients. Overall median stone size was 420 mm2 – 475 mm2 (78-2475) and simple/complex stone rate was (52.4%) / 29 (47.5%). A total of 38 patients were examined using NCCT prior to the operation. Twenty-two of the patients had an HU value ≤1000, whereas 16 had an HU value>1000. There were no statistically significant differences between the low and the high HU groups in terms of the duration of procedure, fluoroscopy time, success rates, and complications.

Conclusion: PCNL surgery is an effective method for the treatment of large and complex stones in the pediatric population. We determined that in pediatric patients who were evaluated using NCCT prior to PCNL the stone HU values of did not influence PCNL success.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Muslumanoglu AY, Binbay M, Yuruk E, Akman T, Tepeler A, Esen T, et al. Updated epidemiologic study of urolithiasis in Turkey. I: changing characteristics of urolithiasis. Urol Res. 2011 Aug;39(4):309-14. doi: 10.1007/s00240-010-0346-6.
  • 2. Newman DM, Coury T, Lingeman JE, Mertz JH, Mosbaugh PG, Steele RE, et al.Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy experience in children. J Urol. 1986 Jul;136(1 Pt 2):238-40.
  • 3. Radmayr C, Bogaert G, Dogan HS, Kocˇvara R, Nijman JM, Stein R, et al. Guidelines on paediatric urology. European Association of Urology 2018. Available at http://uroweb. org/guideline/paediatric-urology. Accessed December 10, 2018.
  • 4. Mahmud M, Zaidi Z. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy in children before school age: experience of a Pakistani centre. BJU Int. 2004 Dec;94(9):1352-4.
  • 5. Nouralizadeh A, Basiri A, Javaherforooshzadeh A, Soltani MH, Tajali F. Experience of percutaneous nephrolithotomy using adult-size instruments in children less than 5 years old. J Pediatr Urol. 2009 Oct;5(5):351-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2008.12.009.
  • 6. Patel SR, Haleblian G, Zabbo A, Pareek G. Hounsfield units on computed tomography predict calcium stone subtype composition. Urol Int. 2009;83(2):175-80. doi: 10.1159/000230020.
  • 7. Joseph P, Mandal AK, Singh SK, Mandal P, Sankhwar SN, Sharma SK. Computerized tomography attenuation value of renal calculus: can it predict successful fragmentation of the calculus by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy? J Urol. 2002 May;167(5):1968-71.
  • 8. Gupta NP, Ansari MS, Kesarvani P, Kapoor A, Mukhopadhyay S. Role of computedtomography with no contrast medium enhancement in predicting the outcome of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy for urinary calculi. BJU Int. 2005 Jun;95(9):1285-8.
  • 9. El-Assmy A, El-Nahas AR, Harraz AM, El Demerdash Y, Elsaadany MM, El-Halwagy S, et al. Clinically Insignificant Residual Fragments: Is It an Appropriate Term in Children? Urology. 2015 Sep;86(3):593-8. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2015.06.017.
  • 10. McAdams S, Kim N, Dajusta D, Monga M, Ravish IR, Nerli R, et al. Preoperative Stone attenuation value predicts success after shock wave lithotripsy in children. J Urol. 2010 Oct;184(4 Suppl):1804-9. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2010.03.112.
  • 11. Ito H, Kawahara T, Terao H, Ogawa T, Yao M, Kubota Y, et al. Predictive value ofattenuation coefficients measured as Hounsfield units on noncontrast computed tomography during flexible ureteroscopy with holmium laser lithotripsy: a single-center experience. J Endourol. 2012 Sep;26(9):1125-30. doi: 10.1089/end.2012.0154.
  • 12. Gücük A, Uyetürk U, Oztürk U, Kemahli E, Yildiz M, Metin A. Does the Hounsfield unit Value determined by computed tomography predict the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy? J Endourol. 2012 Jul;26(7):792-6. doi: 10.1089/end.2011.0518.
  • 13. Gok A, Polat H, Cift A, Yucel MO, Gok B, Sirik M, et al. The hounsfield unit valuecalculated with the aid of non-contrast computed tomography and its effect on the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Urolithiasis. 2015 Jun;43(3):277-81. doi: 10.1007/s00240-015-0766-4.
  • 14. Nguyen HT, Herndon CD, Cooper C, Gatti J, Kirsch A, Kokorowski P et al. The Society for Fetal Urology consensus statement on the evaluation and management of antenatal hydronephrosis. J Pediatr Urol. 2010 Jun;6(3):212-31. doi: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2010.02.205.
  • 15. Tefekli A, Ali Karadag M, Tepeler K, Sari E, Berberoglu Y, Baykal M, et al. Classification of percutaneous nephrolithotomy complications using the modified Clavien grading system: looking for a standard. Eur Urol. 2008 Jan;53(1):184-90.
  • 16. Lao M, Kogan BA, White MD, Feustel PJ. High recurrence rate at 5-year followup in children after upper urinary tract stone surgery. J Urol. 2014 Feb;191(2):440-4. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2013.09.021.
  • 17. Demirkesen O, Tansu N, Yaycıoglu O, Onal B, Yalcin V, Solok V. Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy in the pediatric population. J Endourol. 1999 Apr;13(3):147-50.
  • 18. Nazli O, Cal C, Ozyurt C, Gunaydin G, Cureklibatur I, Avcieri V, et al. Results of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy in the pediatric age group. Eur Urol. 1998;33(3):333-6.
  • 19. Ozden E, Sahin A, Tan B, Doğan HS, Eren MT, Tekgül S. Percutaneous renal surgery in children with complex stones. J Pediatr Urol. 2008 Aug;4(4):295-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2008.01.212.
  • 20. Desai MR, Kukreja RA, Patel SH, Pabat SD. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy for complex pediatric renal calculus disease. J Endourol. 2004 Feb;18(1):23-7.
  • 21. Zeren S, Satar N, Bayazit Y, Bayazit AK, Payasli K, Ozkeceli R. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy in the management of pediatric renal calculi. J Endourol. 2002 Mar;16(2):75-8.
  • 22. Çakıcı MC, Sarı S, Özok H, Karakoyunlu N, Hepşen E, Sağnak, et al. Comparison of Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery and Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy in the Treatment of 2-3 cm Multi Calyceal Kidney Stones. Journal of Urological Surgery, 2018;5(4):143-148. doi: 10.4274/jus.1993.
  • 23. Woodside JR, Stevens GF, Stark GL, Borden TA, Ball WS. Percutaneous stone removal in children. J Urol. 1985 Dec;134(6):1166-7.
  • 24. Thiruchelvam N, Mostafid H, Ubhayakar G. Planning percutaneous nephrolithotomy using multidetector computed tomography urography, multiplanar reconstruction and three- dimensional reformatting. BJU Int. 2005 Jun;95(9):1280-4.
  • 25. Gedik A, Tutus A, Kayan D, Yılmaz Y, Bircan K. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy in pediatric patients: is computerized tomography a must? Urol Res. 2011 Feb;39(1):45-9. doi: 10.1007/s00240-010-0272-7.
  • 26. Jackman SV, Hedican SP, Peters CA, Docimo SG. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy in infants and preschool age children: experience with a new technique. Urology. 1998 Oct;52(4):697-701.
  • 27. Dede O, Sancaktutar AA, Dağguli M, Utangaç M, Baş O, Penbegul N. Ultra-mini- percutaneous nephrolithotomy in pediatric nephrolithiasis: Both low pressure and high efficiency. J Pediatr Urol. 2015 Oct;11(5):253.e1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2015.03.012.
  • 28. Celik H, Camtosun A, Altintas R, Tasdemir C. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy in children with pediatric and adult-sized instruments. J Pediatr Urol. 2016 Dec;12(6):399.e1-399.e5. doi: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2016.04.053.
  • 29. Choong S, Whitfield H, Duffy P, Kellett M, Cuckow P, Van't Hoff W, et al. The management of paediatric urolithiasis. BJU Int. 2000 Nov;86(7):857-60.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Üroloji ve Nefroloji
Bölüm Araştırma makalesi
Yazarlar

Erdem KISA (Sorumlu Yazar)
University of Health Sciences Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Urology Department, İzmir, TUR
0000-0002-4728-3808
Türkiye


Murat UÇAR
University of Health Sciences Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Urology Department, İzmir, TUR
0000-0001-6977-7430
Türkiye


Cem YÜCEL Bu kişi benim
University of Health Sciences Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Urology Department, İzmir, TUR
0000-0003-0838-9199
Türkiye


Tufan SÜELÖZGEN Bu kişi benim
University of Health Sciences Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Urology Department, İzmir, TUR
0000-0003-0790-3926
Türkiye


Yusuf Özlem İLBEY
University of Health Sciences Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Urology Department, İzmir, TUR
0000-0002-1483-9160
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 29 Temmuz 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 3, Sayı 7

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { josam587965, journal = {Journal of Surgery and Medicine}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2079}, address = {jsurgmed@gmail.com}, publisher = {Fatih BAŞAK}, year = {2019}, volume = {3}, pages = {498 - 502}, doi = {10.28982/josam.587965}, title = {Effects of the stone density on the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in pediatric population}, key = {cite}, author = {Kısa, Erdem and Uçar, Murat and Yücel, Cem and Süelözgen, Tufan and İlbey, Yusuf Özlem} }
APA Kısa, E. , Uçar, M. , Yücel, C. , Süelözgen, T. & İlbey, Y. Ö. (2019). Effects of the stone density on the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in pediatric population . Journal of Surgery and Medicine , 3 (7) , 498-502 . DOI: 10.28982/josam.587965
MLA Kısa, E. , Uçar, M. , Yücel, C. , Süelözgen, T. , İlbey, Y. Ö. "Effects of the stone density on the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in pediatric population" . Journal of Surgery and Medicine 3 (2019 ): 498-502 <http://jsurgmed.com/tr/pub/issue/46658/587965>
Chicago Kısa, E. , Uçar, M. , Yücel, C. , Süelözgen, T. , İlbey, Y. Ö. "Effects of the stone density on the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in pediatric population". Journal of Surgery and Medicine 3 (2019 ): 498-502
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of the stone density on the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in pediatric population AU - Erdem Kısa , Murat Uçar , Cem Yücel , Tufan Süelözgen , Yusuf Özlem İlbey Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.28982/josam.587965 DO - 10.28982/josam.587965 T2 - Journal of Surgery and Medicine JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 498 EP - 502 VL - 3 IS - 7 SN - -2602-2079 M3 - doi: 10.28982/josam.587965 UR - https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.587965 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Surgery and Medicine Effects of the stone density on the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in pediatric population %A Erdem Kısa , Murat Uçar , Cem Yücel , Tufan Süelözgen , Yusuf Özlem İlbey %T Effects of the stone density on the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in pediatric population %D 2019 %J Journal of Surgery and Medicine %P -2602-2079 %V 3 %N 7 %R doi: 10.28982/josam.587965 %U 10.28982/josam.587965
ISNAD Kısa, Erdem , Uçar, Murat , Yücel, Cem , Süelözgen, Tufan , İlbey, Yusuf Özlem . "Effects of the stone density on the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in pediatric population". Journal of Surgery and Medicine 3 / 7 (Temmuz 2019): 498-502 . https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.587965
AMA Kısa E. , Uçar M. , Yücel C. , Süelözgen T. , İlbey Y. Ö. Effects of the stone density on the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in pediatric population. J Surg Med. 2019; 3(7): 498-502.
Vancouver Kısa E. , Uçar M. , Yücel C. , Süelözgen T. , İlbey Y. Ö. Effects of the stone density on the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in pediatric population. Journal of Surgery and Medicine. 2019; 3(7): 498-502.
IEEE E. Kısa , M. Uçar , C. Yücel , T. Süelözgen ve Y. Ö. İlbey , "Effects of the stone density on the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy in pediatric population", Journal of Surgery and Medicine, c. 3, sayı. 7, ss. 498-502, Tem. 2019, doi:10.28982/josam.587965

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