Year 2020, Volume 4 , Issue 11, Pages 943 - 946 2020-11-01

Childhood obesity: Is it related to feeding type of the infant?
Çocukluk çağı obezitesi: Bebeklik döneminde beslenme şekli ile ilişkili mi?

Emel ÜNSÜR [1] , Narin AKICI [2] , Didem KIZMAZ [3]


Aim: The prevalence of childhood obesity has risen currently, and the relationship between feeding types in the infancy period and childhood obesity remains controversial. It is aimed to investigate the impact of feeding practices in the first six months of life on early childhood obesity in exclusively breast-fed, exclusively formula-fed, and mixed (breast milk and formula) fed Turkish infants. Methods: This study was conducted in the Department of Pediatrics at Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital with 545 children aged between 2-5 years. We asked the parents various questions to determine the feeding patterns during infancy. Three groups were formed: Exclusively breastfeed, exclusively formula-fed and the mixed (breast milk and formula) fed group. Obesity rates were determined according to body mass index (BMI) and compared. Results: Among a total of 545 children, with a mean age of 3.4 years, there were 285 (52,3%) females. Evaluation based on BMI revealed that the obesity (≥95th percentile) rate was 8.8% and the percentage of overweight children was significantly higher in the only formula-fed group (28.2%) compared to those who were only breast-fed (16.8%) (P=0.009). Conclusions: Our findings showed that feeding the child exclusively with formula during the first six months of life may increase body weight during early childhood more than feeding solely breast milk. Therefore, it is necessary to promote breastfeeding to prevent childhood obesity.
Amaç: Çocukluk çağında obezite prevalansı günümüzde artmıştır, bebeklik dönemindeki beslenme şekli ile çocukluk çağı obezitesi arasındaki ilişki hala tartışmalıdır. Çalışmamızda ilk 6 ayda sadece anne sütüyle beslenen, sadece mama ile beslenen ve karma (anne sütü + mama) beslenen Türk bebeklerde beslenme uygulamalarının erken çocukluk çağı obezitesi üzerindeki etkisinin araştırılması amaçlanmıştır. Yöntemler: Bu çalışma Haydarpaşa Numune Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi pediatri bölümünde 2-5 yaş arası 545 çocuk ile yapıldı. Anne babalara ilk 6 aydaki bebeklik döneminde beslenme tiplerini belirlemek için anket yapıldı. Sadece anne sütüyle beslenen, sadece mama ile beslenen ve karma (anne sütü + mama) beslenen bebekler olarak beslenme şekillerine göre 3 grup oluşturuldu; 2-5 yaş çocukların vücut kitle indeksi hesaplandı ve bu gruplara göre obezite görülme oranı belirlendi ve birbirleri ile karşılaştırma yapıldı. Bulgular: 285'i (%52, 3) kız olmak üzere toplam 545 çocuğun yaş ortalaması 3,4 idi. Vücut kitle indeksine göre yapılan değerlendirmede obezite (≥95 persantil) oranı genel olarak %8,8 olarak tespit edildi. Fazla kilolu çocukların yüzdesi ise sadece formül mama ile beslenen grupta (%28,2) hiç formül mama ile beslenmeyenlere (%16,8) göre anlamlı olarak yüksek bulundu (P=0,009). Sonuçlar: Bulgularımız, mamayla beslenmenin vücut ağırlığını anne sütünden daha fazla artırabileceğini gösterdi; bu nedenle özellikle erken çocukluk çağındaki obeziteyi önlemek için ilk 6 ayda sadece anne sütü ile beslenmeyi teşvik etmek gereklidir.
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Primary Language en
Subjects Pediatrics
Journal Section Research article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-5816-7554
Author: Emel ÜNSÜR (Primary Author)
Institution: ACIBADEM UNIVERSITY-ACIBADEM KAYSERİ HOSPITAL
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0600-8631
Author: Narin AKICI
Institution: İSTANBUL HAYDARPAŞA NUMUNE SAĞLIK UYGULAMA VE ARAŞTIRMA MERKEZİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0791-5903
Author: Didem KIZMAZ
Institution: İSTANBUL HAYDARPAŞA NUMUNE SAĞLIK UYGULAMA VE ARAŞTIRMA MERKEZİ
Country: Turkey


Supporting Institution -
Project Number -
Thanks -
Dates

Publication Date : November 1, 2020

Bibtex @research article { josam810439, journal = {Journal of Surgery and Medicine}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2079}, address = {jsurgmed@gmail.com}, publisher = {Fatih BAŞAK}, year = {2020}, volume = {4}, pages = {943 - 946}, doi = {10.28982/josam.810439}, title = {Childhood obesity: Is it related to feeding type of the infant?}, key = {cite}, author = {Ünsür, Emel and Akıcı, Narin and Kızmaz, Didem} }
APA Ünsür, E , Akıcı, N , Kızmaz, D . (2020). Childhood obesity: Is it related to feeding type of the infant? . Journal of Surgery and Medicine , 4 (11) , 943-946 . DOI: 10.28982/josam.810439
MLA Ünsür, E , Akıcı, N , Kızmaz, D . "Childhood obesity: Is it related to feeding type of the infant?" . Journal of Surgery and Medicine 4 (2020 ): 943-946 <http://jsurgmed.com/en/pub/issue/57748/810439>
Chicago Ünsür, E , Akıcı, N , Kızmaz, D . "Childhood obesity: Is it related to feeding type of the infant?". Journal of Surgery and Medicine 4 (2020 ): 943-946
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Childhood obesity: Is it related to feeding type of the infant? AU - Emel Ünsür , Narin Akıcı , Didem Kızmaz Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.28982/josam.810439 DO - 10.28982/josam.810439 T2 - Journal of Surgery and Medicine JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 943 EP - 946 VL - 4 IS - 11 SN - -2602-2079 M3 - doi: 10.28982/josam.810439 UR - https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.810439 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Surgery and Medicine Childhood obesity: Is it related to feeding type of the infant? %A Emel Ünsür , Narin Akıcı , Didem Kızmaz %T Childhood obesity: Is it related to feeding type of the infant? %D 2020 %J Journal of Surgery and Medicine %P -2602-2079 %V 4 %N 11 %R doi: 10.28982/josam.810439 %U 10.28982/josam.810439
ISNAD Ünsür, Emel , Akıcı, Narin , Kızmaz, Didem . "Childhood obesity: Is it related to feeding type of the infant?". Journal of Surgery and Medicine 4 / 11 (November 2020): 943-946 . https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.810439
AMA Ünsür E , Akıcı N , Kızmaz D . Childhood obesity: Is it related to feeding type of the infant?. J Surg Med. 2020; 4(11): 943-946.
Vancouver Ünsür E , Akıcı N , Kızmaz D . Childhood obesity: Is it related to feeding type of the infant?. Journal of Surgery and Medicine. 2020; 4(11): 943-946.
IEEE E. Ünsür , N. Akıcı and D. Kızmaz , "Childhood obesity: Is it related to feeding type of the infant?", Journal of Surgery and Medicine, vol. 4, no. 11, pp. 943-946, Nov. 2020, doi:10.28982/josam.810439