Volume: 5 - Issue: 11

Year: 2021

Research article

Case report

Journal of Surgery and Medicine (JOSAM) aims to bring important work using any medical research to a wide international audience and therefore only publish papers with strong and valuable messages that advance our understanding of medicine. The research presented includes case studies. Both experimental and clinical studies are accepted, as are descriptive accounts, although these must offer insights into issues of general interest to medical doctors. The journal publishes in the field of original research, case report, reviews, and letters to the editor are published only in English.

Editorial Board and JOSAM comply with the criteria of the International Council of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), and Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Journal of Surgery and Medicine (JOSAM) is an international peer-reviewed scientific journal that publishes manuscripts describing both clinical, experimental, and basic science research. JOSAM publishes original articles on all aspects of health science (including all branches of medicine). Manuscripts must describe original data that has not been published previously nor submitted for publication elsewhere. Manuscripts that adhere to the submission guidelines and are deemed appropriate for the scope of the journal are sent to two reviewers who are specialists in the field. The reviewers’ comments are then considered by the members of the JOSAM Editors and Editorial Board members who discuss the suitability of each submission. The final decision for all submitted manuscripts concluded with the Editors.

Quick templates

Title Page http://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/journal-file/17927

Research Article https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/journal-file/8971

Review Article https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/journal-file/15686

Case report https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/journal-file/8970

After revision, use a Correction letter https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/journal-file/8968


"Journal of Surgery and Medicine" (JOSAM) is open access, scientific publication that organizing international, independent, impartial, and double-blind reviews in accordance with the guidelines. JOSAM is published three times a year before 2019; however, it will be published monthly after 2019. JOSAM publishes manuscripts in the English language. The mandatory full-text language is English. The aim of the journal is to contribute to the literature, which is the hand, arm, and language of scientists who are trying to publish, by publishing articles such as "Research article", "Case report" and "Review" articles should not be published anywhere else previously and should not be under review for publication in another journal. The articles that are not prepared according to the author guidelines will not be considered.

Processing and the publication are free of charge with the journal. No fees are requested from the authors at any point throughout the evaluation and publication process. All manuscripts must be submitted via the online submission system, which is available at https://jsurgmed.com. The journal technical information, author guidelines, and the required forms are available on the web page. Statements or opinions expressed in the manuscripts published in the journal reflect the views of only the author(s) of the paper. JOSAM, publisher, editorial board members, editors, and reviewers disclaim any responsibility or liability for such materials. JOSAM holds the international copyright of all the content published in the journal.
Since the establishment, the journal has determined the "International Committee of Medical Journal Editors" (ICMJE), "World Association of Medical Editors " (WAME), "Council of Science Editors" (CSE), "Committee of Publication Ethics" (COPE), " European Association Science Editors" (EASE) and "National Information Standards Organization" (NISO) as the guidelines in its editorial and publication processes.

JOSAM is accepting manuscripts covered the subject areas of health sciences, including but not limited to the following fields:

Anatomy, Anesthesiology, Basic Medical Sciences, Biochemistry, Cancer, Cardiology, Cardiovascular Surgery, Chest Disease, Cellular Biology, Clinical Cancer Research, Clinical Pharmacology, Clinical Cardiovascular Research, Clinical Endocrinology, Clinical Pathology, Clinical Nutritional Research, Critical Care and Emergency Medicine, Dermatology, Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Genetics, Geriatrics, General Medicine, General Surgery, Gynecology, Hematology, Internal Medicine, Infectious Diseases, Metabolic Disorders, Methods of Epidemiology and Other Preventive Medicine, Microbiology, Molecular Biology, Neonatology, Nursing Care, Nutrition and Metabolism, Nephrology, Neurology, Orthopedics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Occupational Medicine, Oncology, Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology, Pathophysiology, Pediatrics, Pharmacology, Physiology, Psychiatry, Public Health and Health Services, Pulmonology, Psychosomatic Diseases, Respiratory Diseases, Radiology, Radiobiology, Rehabilitation, Rheumatology, Stem Cell Research, Surgery, Thoracic Surgery, Toxicology, Urology, Etc.


The first criteria, originality and high scientific quality were determined in the articles that were planned to be published in the journal. All articles submitted to the journal are passed through the double-blind review process. In the event of a dispute between the referees, the article will be forwarded to a third referee or an editorial board member. The final decision-making authority of all articles in the decision-making process is the editorial board. Opinions and ideas expressed in articles published in the journal are the opinions of authors only. The responsibility of the published content belongs to the authors. The editorial board and the publisher cannot undertake the responsibility of the published articles. The similarity in articles -"Plagiarism"- has been tested for all articles. Documents with inappropriate will be returned to the authors. The manuscripts will need to be unpublished in another magazine, book, or any other media before. For the studies presented in scientific congresses, the full name, date, and place of the congress should be stated in the "Title Page".

The ICMJE suggests that the authors meet the following four criteria: 1. To contribute to the content of the work/design and collection, analysis, and interpretation of data for study; 2. To have drafted the writing essay or have made critical reviews with important intellectual content; 3. To have reviewed and approved the last version of the article before its publication; 4. To accept the responsibility for all aspects of working to ensure that questions concerning the validity and validity of any part of the work are properly investigated and resolved.
JOSAM assumes that each person in the list of articles submitted is defined as a writer in the scope specified above, in accordance with the signed statement of the responsible author. JOSAM refers to existing or potential conflicts of interest, including financial, institutional, and other relationships that may lead to potential conflicts of interest or prejudices in the evaluation process of the presented articles. The authors agree to be sent for the publication of the manuscript and transferred to JOSAM in accordance with the signed statement of the responsible author. The rejected articles will be returned to their authors. Authors who use previously published content, including pictures, tables, or other content in printed or electronic format, must obtain permission from the copyright owner. Legal, financial, and criminal liability in this respect is the property of the authors. There is no fee for writing articles, evaluating articles, accepting, and publishing articles.
In this context, the consolidated form "Copyright Transfer, Conflict of Interest and Financial Disclosure Statements", which is available at "statement" containing author contributions, potential conflicts of interest, and right of publication, A sample signed by the author must be uploaded to the system along with the text.

Helsinki Declaration and Informed consent

In all studies with the "human" element, the principle of complying with the "Helsinki declaration principles" is sought. In such researches, the authors refer to the "Methods and methods" section of the study in accordance with the "Helsinki Declaration principles", Ethical committee approval, and "informed consent" by those participating in the study. The institution and number/date information for the ethics committee approval should only be given on the title page. If "Animal" substance is used in the study, authors are obliged to indicate that they are working in accordance with the principles of "manuals and methods for the use of laboratory animals" and to conduct research in accordance with ethical rules. Committee of experiments used by animals, the institution, and number/date information concerning the Ethical committee approval of the experimental animals should only be given on the title page. In case-report presentations, it should be noted that "informed consent" has been received independently of the patient's identity. Patients have privacy rights that should not be violated without receiving informed consent. The identification of the information, including the patient's name, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs unless necessary for scientific purposes, and the patient (or parent or guardian) written for publication informed consent. The notified consent for this purpose requires that an identifiable patient be presented with the published manuscript. TheAuthors should identify the individuals who help the authors and disclose the resources of this help. Specifying details should be skipped when they are not required. However, it is difficult to obtain complete anonymity, and if you have doubts, informed consent should be taken. For example, the eye area mask in photos of patients is insufficient protection of anonymity. If identifying characteristics are altered to protect anonymity, such as in genetic pedigrees, authors should provide assurance that alterations do not distort scientific meaning and editors should so note.
The Declaration of Helsinki states that "Every clinical trial must be registered in a publicly accessible database before recruitment of the first subject".
Recommended registries: www.clinicaltrials.gov

Article preparation

The articles should be prepared in accordance with the "ICMJE-Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journal” (December 2016 updated form - http://www.icmje.org/icmje-recommendations.pdf).
The accepted language is English. Article submission can only be sent through the online article upload and evaluation system at https://jsurgmed.com. Compliance with the journal spelling rules will be checked by the secretariat first, and articles not prepared for the journal spelling rules will be returned with the technical correction requests.
All articles should be prepared separately as the title page and main text file, and images must also be installed in the system. Manuscripts must be written in a Microsoft Word ® document, 12 fonts, left-justified, double-spaced, and "Times New Roman" character.
For each article, the form of "Copyright transfer, Conflict of Interest and Financial Disclosure Statement" https://dergipark.org.tr/en/journal/1978/file/939/download must be uploaded to the system on the date of submission, signed by the responsible author.

All abbreviations in the main text must be given where they are used for the first time, followed by abbreviations in parentheses after the comment. Product information, including the product name, manufacturer, city/country information, should be enclosed in parentheses in the main text.
Statistical analysis should be conducted according to the rules of reporting statistical data in medical journals (Altman DG, Gore SM, Gardner MJ, Pocock SJ, statistical guidelines for those contributing to medical journals, Br Med J 1983;7:1489-1493.). Information about statistical analysis should be written in the methods section and the software used should be precise. The units are prepared in accordance with International Unit Systems (SI), the international unit system.

Title Page

A separate "Title Page" file must be sent with all submitted articles. This page should include the following;
- English titles of the article,
- English short titles,
- Names of authors, academic titles, institutions, and e-mail addresses,
- ORCID Id of the authors
- Corresponding author's name, address, cell phone, and email address,
- For the studies presented in scientific congresses, the full name of the congress, the date, and the place where it was made,
- Information about ethics committee approval, the institution, and number/date related to approval
- Ethics committee approval for experimental animals should be provided with the number/date of the institution's information and ethics board approval.

Main Text File
The contents of the text file are summarized below and must begin on a new page using the page-end function in Word:
English titles of the article, Abstract, on the same page with Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgement (optional), References, Figures with legends, and Tables with legends

Abstract
Abstracts of "Research article" the paper should be prepared to include "Background/Aim", "Methods", "Results" and "Conclusion" subheadings.
Non-structural abstracts are accepted for "Review" and "Case report".
The abbreviation should not be used in summary as much as possible. The system should also be loaded again, with the title of the article at the top of the first page of the text file being uploaded.

Keywords/ Anahtar Kelimeler
All articles must be submitted with at least 3 and up to 6 keywords, and keywords should be written as "Keywords" just below English abstracts. Abbreviations should not be used as keywords. The keywords should be selected from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) prepared by the National Library of Medicine (NLM).

Article text properties by article type
Research article: The main text must include "Introduction", "Materials and methods", "Results" and "Discussion" sections.
Review: Written reviews are prepared by experts who have accumulated experience and are reflected in the number of international publications and quotations. It should be prepared in a format that explains, discusses, evaluates, and carries out future work for the final level of knowledge or the use of the subject for clinical use. There are no defined subheading sections, but the sections of the article must be specified by the author.
Case report: Main text: "Introduction", "Case Presentation" and "Discussion" subheadings.
Editorial: The purpose of the briefing will be interpreted by a writer who is an expert in research. The authors are selected and invited by the journal. Uninvited editorial comments are not acceptable.

Limitations for each manuscript type
Original Article; authors: 12; Abstract words: 550; Figures, Tables: 10
Review Article; authors: 10; Abstract words: 450; Figures, Tables: 8
Case Report; authors: 8; Abstract words: 350; Figures, Tables: 8

Tables
The tables must be added to the main file that is presented after the numbered reference list in the main text by the transition order. The tables must include descriptive headings and the expansions of the abbreviations in the table should be defined under the table. Tables must be prepared in a Microsoft Office Word file by using the "Insert Table" command and can be easily read. The data presented in the tables must not be repeated in the main text; The data in the main text must be supportive.

Picture and Image
Pictures (preferably “Figure”) must be cited in the main text by giving the appropriate number of places. Figures, images, graphics, and photos must not be uploaded to the system in separate files. Figures/Pictures/Images/Graphics must be placed in the blind-text Word document. When there are images separated by sub-units, the lower units should not be provided in a single image. Each subunit must be installed on the system as a separate file. Pictures, subunits (a, b, c, etc.), should be labeled to identify. Thick and thin arrows, arrowheads, stars, asterisks, and similar markings can be used to support captions in pictures. The person and organization information in the pictures must be blinded. The minimum resolution of images should be 300 dpi. All submitted images must have a clear resolution and a large size (minimum dimensions 100x100 mm) to avoid any interruption in the evaluation process. Picture captions/legends must be placed at the end of the main text.

References
When cited, the latest and most recent publications should be preferred. All sources must be shown in the main text by numbering them where appropriate. The authors are responsible for the correctness of the references. If possible, the DOI numbers of online articles that have been cited before must be provided. Journal titles should be abbreviated according to journal abbreviations at Index Medicus/Medline/PubMed. When there are six or fewer authors, all author names should be listed. If there are seven or more authors, then the first six authors should be put "et al." after writing. For writing in the text, Arabic numbers should be used in square brackets when referring to sources in the main text for example [1,2].
The spelling styles for resources must be compatible with the NLM style.
(www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK7282/, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK7282/#A32680)
Reference styles for different publication types are shown in the following examples:

Journal article
1. Ding JW, Andersson R, Soltestz V. Obstructive jaundice impairs reticuloendothelial function and promotes bacterial translocation in the rat. J Surg Res. 1994;57:238-45.
2. van Santvoort HC, Besselink MG, Horvath KD, Sinanan MN, Bollen TL, van Ramshorst B, et al. Videoscopic assisted retroperitoneal debridement in infected necrotizing pancreatitis. HPB (Oxford). 2007;9(2):156-9. doi: 10.1080/13651820701225688.

Book section
Wyllie AH, Kerr JFR, Currie AR. Cell death: the significance of apoptosis. In: Bourne GH, Danielli JF, Jeon KW, eds. International review of cytology. London: Academic; 1980. pp. 251–306.

Single authored book
Getzen TE. Health economics: fundamentals of funds. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1997.

Editor(s) as author
Norman IJ, Redfern SJ, editors. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996.

Written at the meeting
Rice AS, Farquhar-Smith WP, Bridges D, Brooks JW. Canabinoids and pain. In: DostorovskyJO, Carr DB, Koltzenburg M, editors. Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Pain; 2002Aug 17-22; San Diego, CA. Seattle (WA): IASP Press;2003. p. 437-68.

Scientific or technical report
Gergen PJ, Fowler JA, Maurer KR, Davis WW, Overpeck MD. The burden of environmental tobacco smoke exposure on the respiratory health of children 2 months through 5 years of age in the United States: Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988 to 1994. Pediatrics 1998; 101: 1–6.

Thesis
Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of Hispanic Americans [dissertation]. Mount Pleasant (MI): Central Michigan University; 2002.

Review process
Provided that the manuscript complies with the manuscript preparation guidelines, it goes through a reviewing process: the manuscript is seen first by the Editor-in-Chief and the Editorial Board members, then sent to at least two blinded-peer-reviewers. Reviewer forms should be submitted to the journals within 30 days. Reviewers may accept the article as it is, requests minor or major revisions, or decline. In case there is a disagreement between reviewers, the manuscript may be sent to an extra reviewer. The article can be published only after the required revisions are fulfilled by the author. However, taking into consideration the recommendations of the reviewers, the final decision belongs to the Editor. Note that a double-blind peer review system is adopted; the reviewer is unaware of the identity of the author, and the author is also unaware of the identity of the reviewer.

Corrections / Revisions
When submitting the revised version, they must mark the changes they have made in the main text and, in addition, send the "correction letter" (Reply to referee) on suggestions proposed by the referees. In response to revision in the review phase or pre-review phase, the revised article's files should be submitted to journals within 30 days following the decision letter. If the revised version does not install in the specified time, the option may be canceled and the article will be declined. If the authors need additional time for revision, they should send the extension requests to the journals within the first 30 days.
The articles accepted for publication are checked for grammar, punctuation, and format. Printed PDF files (PDF proof) of accepted articles are forwarded to the responsible author, and the publication changes/check/approvals are requested within 30 days. If the proof version of the paper has not been approved or checked in the specified time, the process of the paper will be canceled and declined. Publication of completed articles will be published in an early online format on the journal website before publication with the number in the release plan.

CHECK-LIST
-1 Send the statement as .pdf or .jpg file
-2 Send the title-page file as a docx file which has only the title and information of the authors.
-3 Send the blind-text file as one docx file which has all parts (tables, figures) of the manuscript but no author information.
Other recommendations
- Please correct and check the references rule as specified in the "Reference" section.
- If you have full-text writing for other types appearing in the system, you do not need to submit the files to different categories, such as "research materials", "research results", and preferably all article sections are sent in a single file.

REVISION STAGE (IF APPLICABLE)
- Please add the revised documents
DO NOT SEND A NEW MANUSCRIPT
-Add "Rev (revision number)" To the end of the file name for the files in the revision phase.

WITHDRAWAL OF A MANUSCRIPT
As its production approaches, the Journal of Surgery and Medicine assigns the accompanying obligations and duties to its author(s) and distribution advisory group amid the withdrawal of an original copy.
Authors
On the off chance that the authors identify a blunder or a slip-up in their compositions amid the early discharge or the assessment process, they have a commitment to participate with the journal’s proofreader for the withdrawal process. Each author must sign the Withdrawal Form with completely clarified the reason, examine the initially marked frame and mail it to jsurgmed@gmail.com. The author is allowed to withdraw the manuscript without paying any withdrawal penalty if the author(s) requests a withdrawal of the manuscript in the pre-review stage. If the author(s) requests a withdrawal of manuscript, after the pre-review stage or in the production stage (early pub); then authors need to make a withdrawal penalty. The advanced stage in the editorial process, when peer reviews were near completion was unacceptable unless there are compelling reasons. The editorial committee looks at the withdrawal asks for due in 30 days. Unless the council supports the withdrawal of a related article of which the copyright is renounced and exchanged to the Journal of Surgery and Medicine, the authors can't send their original copies for assessment to different journals.
Editors
The distribution panel of the Journal of Surgery and Medicine has a commitment to dispatch an examination if there is any uncertainty of copyright or counterfeiting for a distributed composition or an original copy in early discharge or the assessment. In the consequence of the examination, if the distribution board chooses that there is a copyright or written falsification issue in the original copy nearby, it pulls back the survey procedure and returns the composition to the writers by referring to in detail the recognized circumstances. On the off chance that the production council distinguishes a copyright issue or written falsification in an original copy whether distributed or in early discharge, it starts the withdrawal procedure and finishes the notice procedure. For the original copy in which moral encroachment is recognized;
1. "Pulled back" explanation is added beside the title of the electronic variant of the original copy.
2. In the areas of Abstract and Full Text, the purposes behind withdrawal are composed, references for proof are given in detail, and the statement of the subsidiary foundations and associations of the author(s) are additionally distributed.
3. The explanations behind withdrawal are announced on the site of the journal.
4. After the withdrawal date, in the substance rundown of the electronic adaptation of the primary number of the journal to be distributed, "Pulled back: The Title of the Manuscript" is included, beginning from the principal page the purposes behind withdrawal and references of the first references are imparted to open and analysts.
5. To the associated foundations of the author(s), the withdrawal see is sent.
6. The previously mentioned withdrawal see is sent to the associations and organizations in which the journal is filed, and to the Presidency of the National Library for the composition to be recorded in file frameworks and lists.
In addition, the distribution advisory group may recommend to the distributors and production boards of the author(s) who have morally encroached pull back or secure the legitimacy and unwavering quality of the articles which are distributed.

This statement is based on COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors, Guidance from the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
We accept all terms and conditions of COPE about plagiarism and in case, any attempt of plagiarism is brought to our attention accompanied by convincing evidence, we act based on flowcharts and workflows determined in COPE.
The production of an article in an associate audited journal is a fundamental building hinder in the improvement of a rational and regarded system of information. It is an immediate impression of the nature of crafted by the creators and the organizations that help them. Associate evaluated articles support and encapsulate the logical technique.
It is subsequently imperative to heaps of expected moral conduct for all gatherings associated with the demonstration of distributing: the creator, the journal manager, the companion commentator, the distributor, and the general public of society-claimed or supported journals.

All submissions will be checked with plagiarism software in 2 stages: New Submission and After Acceptance from the editorial boards.


Open Access Policy

This is an open-access journal, which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in Journal of Surgery and Medicine (JOSAM) without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) definition of open access.

The BOAI arises from a meeting convened in Budapest by the Open Society Institute (OSI) on 1st – 2nd December 2001. The purpose of the meeting was to accelerate progress in the international effort to make research articles in all academic fields freely available on the Internet. The participants represented many points of view, many academic disciplines, many nations, and had experience with many of the ongoing initiatives that make up the open access movement. In Budapest, they explored how the separate initiatives could work together to achieve broader, deeper, and faster success. They explored the most effective and affordable strategies for serving the interests of research, researchers, and the institutions and societies that support research. Finally, they explored how OSI and other foundations could use their resources most productively to aid the transition to open access and to make open access publishing economically self-sustaining. The result is the Budapest Open Access Initiative. It is at once a statement of principle, a statement of strategy, and a statement of commitment.

When an author chooses to make their article open access, their article is made free to read and reuse immediately upon publication under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 (CC BY NC ND) licence. Allows users to copy and distribute the Article, provided this is not done for commercial purposes, and further does not permit distribution of the Article if it is changed or edited in any way, and provided the user gives appropriate credit (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI), provides a link to the license, and that the licensor is not represented as endorsing the use made of the work.

JOSAM aims to provide quality peer reviewed, open access articles to thousands of physicians. The journals include papers on all the related areas of basic and clinical medicine.

Ethics Policy

Publication Ethics

The publication process at JOSAM is the basis of the improvement and dissemination of information objectively and respectfully. Therefore, the procedures in this process improves the quality of the studies. Peer-reviewed studies are the ones that support and materialize the scientific method. At this point, it is of utmost importance that all parties included in the publication process (authors, readers and researchers, publisher, reviewers and editors) comply with the standards of ethical considerations. JOSAM expects all parties to hold the following ethical responsibilities.

The following ethical duties and responsibilities are written in the light of the guide and policies made by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Ethical Responsibilities of Authors
The authors who submit their manuscripts to JOSAM are expected to comply with the following ethical responsibilities:

Author(s) must submit original studies to the journal. If they utilize or use other studies, they must make the in-text and end-text references accurately and completely.
People who have not contributed to the study at the intellectual level should not be indicated as author.
If the manuscripts submitted to be published are subject of conflicting interests or relations, these must be explained.
During the review process of their manuscripts, author(s) may be asked to supply raw data. In such a case, author(s) should be ready to submit such data and information to the editorial and scientific boards.
Author(s) should document that they have the participants' consent and the necessary permissions related with the sharing and research/analysis of the data that are used.
Author(s) bears the responsibility to inform the editor of the journal or publisher if they happen to notice a mistake in their study which is in early release or publication process and to cooperate with the editors during the correction or withdrawal process.
Authors cannot submit their studies to multiple journals simultaneously. Each submission can be made only after the previous one is completed. A study published in another journal cannot be submitted to JOSAM.
Author responsibilities given in a study (e.g.: adding an author, reordering of author names) whose review process has begun cannot be changed.

Ethical Responsibilities of Editors
The editor and field editors of JOSAM should hold the following ethical responsibilities that are based on the guides "COPE Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors" and "COPE Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors" published as open Access by Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

General duties and responsibilities

Editors are responsible for each study published in JOSAM. In this respect, the editors have the following roles and responsibilities:

Making efforts to meet the demand for knowledge from readers and authors,
Ensuring the continuous development of the journal,
Managing the procedures aimed to improve the quality of the studies published in the journal,
Supporting freedom of expression,
Ensuring academic integrity,
Following the procedures without making concessions on intellectual property rights and ethical standards,
Being transparent and clear in issues that require correction or explanation.
Relationships with Readers

Editors must make decisions taking into consideration the knowledge, skills, and expectations of all readers, researchers, and practitioners need. They must also ensure that the published studies contribute to the literature and be original. Moreover, they must take notice of the feedback received from researchers and practitioners and provide explanatory and informative feedback.

Relationships with Authors

Editors have the following duties and responsibilities in their relations with authors:

Editors must make positive or negative decisions about the studies' importance, originality, validity, clarity in wording and suitability with the journal's aims and objectives.
Editors must accept the studies that are within the scope of publication into pre-review process unless there are serious problems with the study.
Editors must not ignore positive suggestions made by reviewers unless there are serious problems with the study.
New editors, unless there are serious issues, must not change the previous editor's decisions about the studies.
"Blind Review and Review Process" must be published and editors must prevent possible diversions in the defined processes.
Editors must publish an "Author's Guide" that is comprehensive enough in answering queries by authors. This guide must be updated regularly.
Authors should be provided with explanatory and informative feedback.
Relationships with Reviewers

Editors have the following duties and responsibilities in their relations with reviewers:

Editors must;

choose reviewers according to the subject of the study.
provide the information and guidance reviewers may need during the review process.
observe whether there are conflicting interests between reviewers and authors.
keep the identities of reviewers confidential in blind review.
encourage the reviewers to review the manuscript in an unbiased, scientific and objective tone.
evaluate reviewers regularly based on criteria like performance and timing.
develop practices and policies that increase the performance of reviewers.
take necessary steps to update the reviewer pool dynamically.
prevent unkind and unscientific reviews.
make effort to ensure the reviewer pool has a wide range.
Relationships with the Editorial Board

Editors must make sure that the members of the editorial board follow the procedures in accordance with the publication policies and guidelines, and must inform the members about the publication policies and developments. The editors must also train new members of the editorial board and provide the information they need.

Moreover, editors must

ensure that the members of the editorial board review the manuscripts in an unbiased and independent manner.
select the new members of the editorial board from those who can contribute to the journal and are qualified enough.
send manuscripts for review based on the subject of expertise of the editorial board members.
regularly communicate with the editorial board.
arrange regular meetings with the editorial board for the development of publication policies and the journal.
Relationships with the Journal's Owner and Publisher

The relationship between the editors and publisher is based on the principle of the independence of editors. All the decisions made by the editors are independent of the publisher and the owner of the journal as required by the agreement made between editors and publishers.

Editorial and Blind Review Processes

Editors are obliged to comply with the policies of "Blind Review and Review Process" stated in the journal's publication policies. Therefore, the editors ensure that each manuscript is reviewed in an unbiased, fair and timely manner.

Quality Assurance

Editors must make sure that articles in the journal are published in accordance with the publication policies of the journal and international standards.

Protection of Personal Information

Editors are supposed to protect the personal information related to the subjects or visuals in the studies being reviewed and to reject the study if there is no documentation of the subjects' consent. Furthermore, editors are supposed to protect the personal information of the authors, reviewers and readers.

Encouraging Ethical Rules and Protection of Human and Animal Rights

Editors are supposed to protect human and animal rights in the studies being reviewed and must reject the experimental studies which do not have ethical and related committee’s approval about the population given in such studies.

Precautions against possible Abuse and Malpractice

Editors are supposed to take precautions against possible abuse and malpractice. They must conduct investigations meticulously and objectively in determining and evaluating complaints about such situations. They must also share the results of the investigation.

Ensuring Academic Integrity

Editors must make sure that the mistakes, inconsistencies or misdirections in studies are corrected quickly.

Protection of Intellectual Property Rights

Editors are responsible for protecting the intellectual property rights of all the articles published in the journal and the rights of the journal and author(s) in cases where these rights are violated. Also, editors must take the necessary precautions in order to prevent the content of all published articles from violating the intellectual property rights of other publications. See Plagiarism Check

Constructiveness and Openness to Discussion

Editors must

pay attention to the convincing criticism about studies published in the journal and must have a constructive attitude towards such criticism.
grant the right of reply to the author(s) of the criticized study.
not ignore or exclude the study that includes negative results.
Complaints

Editors must examine the complaints from authors, reviewers or readers and respond to them in an explanatory and enlightening manner.

Political and Economic Apprehensions

Neither the owner of the journal, publisher or any other political or economical factor can influence the independent decision-making of the editors.

Conflicting Interests

Editors, acknowledging that there may be conflicting interests between reviewers and other editors, guarantee that the publication process of the manuscripts will be completed in an independent and unbiased manner


Ethical Responsibilities of Reviewers
The fact that all manuscripts are reviewed through "Blind Review" has a direct influence on the publication quality. This process ensures confidentiality by objective and independent review. The review process at JOSAM is carried out on the principle of double-blind review. Reviewers do not contact the authors directly, and the reviews and comments are conveyed through the journal management system. In this process, the reviewer views on the evaluation forms and full texts are assigned to the author(s) by the editor. Therefore, the reviewers doing review work for JOSAM are supposed to bear the following ethical responsibilities:

Reviewers must

agree to review only in their subject of expertise.
review in an unbiased and confidential manner.
inform the editor of the journal if they think that they encounter conflict of interests and decline to review the manuscript during the review process.
dispose the manuscripts they have reviewed in accordance with the principle of confidentiality after the review process. Reviewers can use the final versions of the manuscripts they have reviewed only after publication.
review the manuscript objectively and only in terms of its content and ensure that nationality, gender, religious and political beliefs, and economic apprehension do not influence the review.
review the manuscript in a constructive and kind tone, avoid making personal comments including hostility, slander and insult.
review the manuscript they have agreed to review on time and in accordance with the ethical rules stated above.

Ethical Responsibilities of Publisher
Publisher of JOSAM has a non-profit aim. Publisher and the Board of JOSAM are conscious of the fact that they must observe the ethical responsibilities below and act accordingly:

Editors are responsible for all the processes that the manuscripts submitted to JOSAM will go through. Within this framework, ignoring the economic or political interests, the decision-makers are the editors.
The publisher undertakes to have independent editorial decision-making.
The publisher protects the intellectual property rights of all the articles published in JOSAM and holds the responsibility to keep a record of each unpublished article.
The publisher bears all the responsibility to take precautions against scientific abuse, fraud, and plagiarism.

Unethical Behaviour
Should you encounter any unethical act or content in JOSAM apart from the ethical responsibilities listed above, please notify the journal by e-mail at jsurgmed@gmail.com

Duplicate/Previous Publication or Submission
Manuscripts are considered with the understanding that they have not been published previously in print, electronic format, or any repository, and are not under consideration by another publication or electronic medium. Copies of related or possibly duplicative materials (ie, those containing substantially similar content or using the same or similar data) that have been previously published or are under consideration elsewhere must be provided at the time of manuscript submission.

No submission, processing, page, colored figures, or publication charges are received from authors or elsewhere. All articles are freely available as early online and on the day of publication on the journal’s DergiPark website. JOSAM articles are Open Access and fully compliant with funder OA mandates; they are free to read without a subscription and copyright remains with the authors.

Please check details about Fast-track Process; frequently asked questions, terms - conditions, fee, etc., at
https://jsurgmed.com/en/pub/page/10342

Sponsorship and Advertising

As part of its publication policies, the journal does not accept sponsorship or advertisements. However, the journal can make announcements on its web page about non-profit scientific and educational events.

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