Year 2020, Volume 4 , Issue 1, Pages 62 - 65 2020-01-02

Evaluation of deep vein thrombosis incidence with respect to age and gender in light of regional factors in central Anatolia: A population-based study
Bölgesel etmenlerin ışığında iç anadolu bölgesinde derin ven trombozu insidansı ile yaş ve cinsiyete açısından değerlendirilmesi: Nüfus bazlı çalışma

Kıvanç ATILGAN [1] , Ertan DEMİRDAŞ [2] , Cengiz Zafer ER [3] , Ferit ÇİÇEKÇİOĞLU [4]


Aim: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a prevailing cause of serious complications such as pulmonary thromboembolism, venous ulcer, chronic venous insufficiency, venous gangrene and postthrombotic syndrome, and significantly increased hospitalization costs. The aim of this study is to determine the incidence of DVT and regional effects for its development as well as evaluate its distribution in terms of age and gender in Yozgat, a city with a population of more than 500.000 people, which is considered to fairly represent Central Anatolia with regards to geography, economy, industry, age distribution, morbidity and mortality. 

Methods: For this cross-sectional study, we included all DVT cases aged 15 years and older from Yozgat diagnosed in Bozok University, Faculty of Medicine, Research and Application Hospital and Yozgat State Hospital between September 2012-September 2016. Patients and diagnostic characteristics were retrieved from medical records. The distribution of DVT cases were evaluated in terms of age and gender according to the data derived from address-based population registration system of Turkish Statistical Institute (TUSI) 2016.

Results: One thousand two hundred and eighty-seven patients were enrolled in this research. DVT incidence increased with age and substantially accelerated above the age of 40. The overall DVT incidence was 1:1000 persons per year and slightly higher among the female population (1:1000 persons/year vs 0.9:1000 persons/year) (P=0.924). According to TUSI 2016, the mean body mass index (BMI) of females was significantly higher than that of males (29.2 (5.3) kg/m² and 26.7 (3.6) kg/m², respectively, P<0.001). In the region comprising Yozgat, Sivas and Kayseri, labor-force participation rate of females and males were 28% and 49.6%, respectively, which was a significant regional risk factor for DVT development. 

Conclusion: It would be possible to decrease the incidence of DVT and the high hospitalization costs of related complications, most of which can be avoided with suitable prophylaxis based on more reliable results obtained from further research. Appropriate precautions should be taken after considering regional socioeconomic and sociocultural values.

Amaç: Derin ven trombozu pulmoner tromboemboli, venöz ülser, kronik venöz yetmezlik, venöz gangren ve posttrombotik sendrom gibi ciddi komplikasyonların güncel bir sebebini oluşturmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı 500.000'den fazla nüfusa sahip, gerek coğrafik, ekonomik, endüstriel ve yaş dağılımı gerekse morbidite ve mortalite oranları açısından İç Anadolu Bölgesi'nin temsil edebilecek özelliklere sahip Yozgat ilinde derin ve trombozu (DVT) insidansını tanımlamak ve DVT gelişim üzerinde etkisi olan bölgesel etmenler üzerine vurgu yapmaktır. 

Yöntemler: Bu araştırma kesitsel bir çalışma olarak planlanmıştır. Yozgat ilinde ikamet eden Bozok Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Araştırma ve Uygulama Hastanesi ile Yozgat Şehir Hastanesi'nde 2012 ve 2016 yılları arasında DVT tanısı almış 15 yaş ve üzeri bireyler çalışmaya dahil edildi. Hastalar ve hasta verileri medikal kayıtlardan elde edildi. DVT dağılımı, Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu'na (TUSI) ait adrese dayalı nüfus dağılımı verileri kullanılarak yaş ve cinsiyet açısından değerlendirildi.

Bulgular: Çalışmaya 1287 hasta dahil edilmiştir. DVT dağılımı yaşlanma ile artış göstermekte özellikle 40 yaş üzerinde ciddi bir ivmelenme göstermektedir. Genel DVT insidansı 1/1000 hasta/yıl olarak belirlendi ve kadın nüfusta 1/1000 hasta/yıl iken erkek nüfusta 0.9/1000 hasta/yıl olarak tespit edildi (P=0,924). TUSI 2016 verilerine göre Yozgat, Sivas ve Kayseri illerinde ortalama beden kitle indeksi (BKI) kadın popülasyonda erkeklere göre daha yüksek idi, kadın popülasyonsa 29,2 (5,3) kg/m² iken erkek popülasyonda 26,7 (3,6) kg/m² (P<0,001) ve işgücü katılım oranı kadınlarda %28 iken erkeklerde %49,6 olarak tespit edildi. Bu durum DVT gelişiminde bölgesel etmenlerin etkinliğini ortaya koymaktadır. 

Sonuç: Bölgesel sosyoekonomik ve sosyokültürel realiteler göz önünde bulundurularak ve daha geniş çaplı çalışmalar ile elde edilecek veriler ışığında önceden alınacak önlemler ile DVT insidansını ve uygun profilaktik yaklaşımlar ile birçoğu önlenebilir olan ve yüksek sağlık giderlerine sebep olan ilgili komplikasyonların önüne geçmek mümkündür.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Journal Section Research article
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-9907-9879
Author: Kıvanç ATILGAN (Primary Author)
Institution: TOBB UNIVERSITY OF ECONOMICS AND TECHNOLOGY, INSTITUTE OF HEALTH SCIENCES
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-7854-3481
Author: Ertan DEMİRDAŞ
Institution: SAĞLIK BİLİMLERİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, GÜLHANE TIP FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7129-1157
Author: Cengiz Zafer ER
Institution: BOZOK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-4809-0100
Author: Ferit ÇİÇEKÇİOĞLU
Institution: BOZOK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : January 2, 2020

Bibtex @research article { josam643503, journal = {Journal of Surgery and Medicine}, issn = {}, eissn = {2602-2079}, address = {jsurgmed@gmail.com}, publisher = {Fatih BAŞAK}, year = {2020}, volume = {4}, pages = {62 - 65}, doi = {10.28982/josam.643503}, title = {Evaluation of deep vein thrombosis incidence with respect to age and gender in light of regional factors in central Anatolia: A population-based study}, key = {cite}, author = {ATILGAN, Kıvanç and DEMİRDAŞ, Ertan and ER, Cengiz Zafer and ÇİÇEKÇİOĞLU, Ferit} }
APA ATILGAN, K , DEMİRDAŞ, E , ER, C , ÇİÇEKÇİOĞLU, F . (2020). Evaluation of deep vein thrombosis incidence with respect to age and gender in light of regional factors in central Anatolia: A population-based study. Journal of Surgery and Medicine , 4 (1) , 62-65 . DOI: 10.28982/josam.643503
MLA ATILGAN, K , DEMİRDAŞ, E , ER, C , ÇİÇEKÇİOĞLU, F . "Evaluation of deep vein thrombosis incidence with respect to age and gender in light of regional factors in central Anatolia: A population-based study". Journal of Surgery and Medicine 4 (2020 ): 62-65 <http://jsurgmed.com/en/issue/51597/643503>
Chicago ATILGAN, K , DEMİRDAŞ, E , ER, C , ÇİÇEKÇİOĞLU, F . "Evaluation of deep vein thrombosis incidence with respect to age and gender in light of regional factors in central Anatolia: A population-based study". Journal of Surgery and Medicine 4 (2020 ): 62-65
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluation of deep vein thrombosis incidence with respect to age and gender in light of regional factors in central Anatolia: A population-based study AU - Kıvanç ATILGAN , Ertan DEMİRDAŞ , Cengiz Zafer ER , Ferit ÇİÇEKÇİOĞLU Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.28982/josam.643503 DO - 10.28982/josam.643503 T2 - Journal of Surgery and Medicine JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 62 EP - 65 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - -2602-2079 M3 - doi: 10.28982/josam.643503 UR - https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.643503 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Surgery and Medicine Evaluation of deep vein thrombosis incidence with respect to age and gender in light of regional factors in central Anatolia: A population-based study %A Kıvanç ATILGAN , Ertan DEMİRDAŞ , Cengiz Zafer ER , Ferit ÇİÇEKÇİOĞLU %T Evaluation of deep vein thrombosis incidence with respect to age and gender in light of regional factors in central Anatolia: A population-based study %D 2020 %J Journal of Surgery and Medicine %P -2602-2079 %V 4 %N 1 %R doi: 10.28982/josam.643503 %U 10.28982/josam.643503
ISNAD ATILGAN, Kıvanç , DEMİRDAŞ, Ertan , ER, Cengiz Zafer , ÇİÇEKÇİOĞLU, Ferit . "Evaluation of deep vein thrombosis incidence with respect to age and gender in light of regional factors in central Anatolia: A population-based study". Journal of Surgery and Medicine 4 / 1 (January 2020): 62-65 . https://doi.org/10.28982/josam.643503
AMA ATILGAN K , DEMİRDAŞ E , ER C , ÇİÇEKÇİOĞLU F . Evaluation of deep vein thrombosis incidence with respect to age and gender in light of regional factors in central Anatolia: A population-based study. J Surg Med. 2020; 4(1): 62-65.
Vancouver ATILGAN K , DEMİRDAŞ E , ER C , ÇİÇEKÇİOĞLU F . Evaluation of deep vein thrombosis incidence with respect to age and gender in light of regional factors in central Anatolia: A population-based study. Journal of Surgery and Medicine. 2020; 4(1): 65-62.